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Table 1 Characteristics of the respondents across different waves

From: Changes in the provision of instrumental support by older adults in nine European countries during 2004—2015: a panel data analysis

  Wave 1 (n = 8326) Wave 2 (n = 7532) Wave 4 (n = 5194) Wave 5 (n = 5569) Wave 6 (n = 8217)
Follow-up time in year, Mean ± SD 0 2.3 ± 0.6 6.7 ± 0.5 8.7 ± 0.5 10.6 ± 0.5
Age, Mean ± SD 62.5 ± 8.2 64.7 ± 8.2 69.5 ± 8.4 71.3 ± 8.3 73.0 ± 8.2
Sex, n(%)
 Women 4691 (56.3) 4249 (56.4) 2998 (57.7) 3206 (57.6) 4641 (56.5)
 Men 3635 (43.7) 3283 (43.6) 2196 (42.3) 2363 (42.4) 3576 (43.5)
Highest education level, n(%)
 Low 3997 (48.0) 3580 (47.5) 2415 (46.5) 2588 (46.5) 3946 (48.0)
 Middle 2509 (30.1) 2284 (30.3) 1594 (30.7) 1719 (30.9) 2466 (30.0)
 High 1820 (21.9) 1668 (22.1) 1185 (22.8) 1262 (22.7) 1805 (22.0)
Employment status, n(%)
 Employed 2809 (33.7) 2147 (28.5) 924 (17.8) 732 (13.1) 727 (8.85)
 Retired 3709 (44.6) 3830 (50.9) 3371 (64.9) 3962 (71.1) 6273 (76.3)
 Not employed 1808 (21.7) 1555 (20.6) 899 (17.3) 875 (15.7) 1217 (14.8)
Region, n(%)
 Southern Europe 2203 (26.5) 1943 (25.8) 1279 (24.6) 1391 (25.0) 2172 (26.4)
 Central Europe 4126 (49.6) 3808 (50.6) 2693 (51.9) 2798 (50.2) 4076 (49.6)
 Northern Europe 1997 (24.0) 1781 (23.6) 1222 (23.5) 1380 (24.8) 1969 (24.0)
Marital status, n(%)
 With partner 6339 (76.1) 5627 (74.7) 3247 (62.5) 3315 (59.5) 5526 (67.3)
 No partner 1987 (23.9) 1905 (25.3) 1947 (37.5) 2254 (40.5) 2691 (32.8)
Self-perceived health, n(%)
 Poor 1916 (23.0) 2217 (29.4) 1792 (34.5) 1958 (35.2) 3070 (37.4)
 Good 6410 (77.0) 5315 (70.6) 3402 (65.5) 3611 (64.8) 5147 (62.6)
Household size, Mean ± SD 2.3 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.0 1.9 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.8
Number of children, Mean ± SD 2.2 ± 1.4 2.3 ± 1.4 2.2 ± 1.4 2.2 ± 1.4 2.2 ± 1.4
Provided social support, n(%) 3185 (38.3) 2872 (38.1) 1584 (30.5) 1633 (29.3) 2247 (27.4)