Skip to main content

Table 1 Measurement of social network and older adults’ well-being

From: Age sequences of the elderly’ social network and its efficacies on well-being: an urban-rural comparison in China

Latent variables Observed variables Problems Values
Independent variable: Social network Family network Family contacts How many family members/relatives do you see or hear from at least once a month? 0 = none,1 = 1,2 = 2,3 = 3–4,4 = 5–8,5 = 9 and above
Family talks How many family members/relatives do you feel at ease with that you can talk about private matters? 0 = none,1 = 1,2 = 2,3 = 3–4,4 = 5–8,5 = 9 and above
Family supports How many family members/relatives do you feel close to such that you could call on them for help? 0 = none,1 = 1,2 = 2,3 = 3–4,4 = 5–8,5 = 9 and above
Friend network Friend contacts How many friends do you see or hear from at least once a month? 0 = none,1 = 1,2 = 2,3 = 3–4,4 = 5–8,5 = 9 and above
Friend talks How many family members/relatives do you feel at ease with that you can talk about private matters? 0 = none,1 = 1,2 = 2,3 = 3–4,4 = 5–8,5 = 9 and above
Friend supports How many family members/relatives do you feel close to such that you could call on them for help? 0 = none,1 = 1,2 = 2,3 = 3–4,4 = 5–8,5 = 9 and above
Dependent variables: older adults’ well-being life satisfaction Overall, are you satisfied with your current life? 1 = very unsatisfied, 2 = quite unsatisfied, 3 = average, 4 = quite satisfied, 5 = very satisfied
Self-rated health How do you think of your current health condition? 1 = very unhealthy, 2 = quite unhealthy, 3 = average, 4 = quite healthy, 5 = very healthy