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Table 3 Extended functional performance

From: Can in-hospital or post discharge caregiver involvement increase functional performance of older patients? A systematic review

Study Measure points   Lower limb Walking Upper limb Others
Galvin et al. 2011   LL-FMA, mean change (SD) MAS, mean change (SD) BBS, mean change (SD)
T0= baseline   T1- To T2-T1   T1-T0 T2-T1 T1-T0 T2-T1  
T1= 8 weeks IG 9.5 (9.9) 1.6 (2.4)   11.9 (7.8) 37.9 (9.7) 22.8 (18.1) 0.9 (2.5)  
T2= 3 months CG 1.75 (6.3) 1.3 (5.2)   4.75 (6.2) 35.2 (10.8) 9 (9) 1.8 (8.5)
   p = 0.01 p = 0.12   p = 0.00 p = 0.59 p = 0.02 p = 0.7
   6MWT, mean change (SD)      
   T1-T0 T2-T1       
IG 164.1 (128.7) 39.8 (55.4)
CG 47.2 (50.6 -3.5 (32.7)
  p = 0.00 p = 0.01
Gräsel et al. 2005   TUG, number possible (%) FAT, mean change (SD) ASS, mean change (SD)
T0= after intervention   T0 T2   T2-T0   T2-T0   
T1=4 weeks IG 26 (79%) 31 (94%) 0.3 (1.5) 0.3 (1.0)
T2= 6 months CG 23 (79%) 22 (76%) 0.2 (0.8) 0.0 (1.0)
   p = 0.960 p = 0.044 p = 0.679 p = 0.27
Harris et al. 2010    MAL, mean change (SD) GS, mean change (SD)
T0= baseline      T1-T0   T1-T0   
T1= 4 weeks IG 2.1 (0.72) 5.8 (3.1)
  CG 1.0 (0.78) 3.4 (2.4)
   p = 0.024 p = 0.034
    CAAI, mean change (SD)  
      T1-T0     
IG 20.6 (6.1)
CG 15.0 (7.3)
  p = 0.021
van den Berg et al. 2016   LL-FMA, mean (95% CI)   BBS, mean (95% CI)
T0= baseline   T0 T1 T2    T0 T1 T2
T1= 8 weeks IG 19.4 (16.3 - 22.6) 26.1 (23 - 29.2) 26.1 (22.9 - 29.2) 31.8 (26 - 37.6) 50.2 (44.3 - 56) 49.8 (43.9 - 55.6)
T2= 12 weeks CG 17.2 (14.8 - 19.7) 22.4 (19.3 - 24.9) 27.6 (24.9 - 30.3) 26.7 (22.1 - 31.3) 44.3 (39.7 - 49) 46.3 (41.6 - 51)
   p = 0.2654 p = 0.0721 p = 0.4577 p = 0.1752 p = 0.1275 p = 0.3681
   TUG, mean (95% CI)   SISmob, mean (95% CI)
   T0 T1 T2    T0 T1 T2
IG 34.2 (28.6 - 39.8) 18.2 (12.6 - 23.8) 17.5 (11.9 - 23.2) 44.8 (36.8 - 52.8) 82.3 (74.3 - 90.3) 82.5 (74.5 - 90.4)
CG 44.2 (39.7 - 48.7) 17.5 (12.9 - 22.1) 14.1 (9.2 - 19) 43.1 (36.8 - 49.4) 72.5 (66 - 78.9) 74.7 (68.2 - 81.2)
  p = 0.0075 p = 0.8503 p = 0.3704 p = 0.7342 p = 0.06 p = 0.1382
     RMI, mean (95% CI)
        T0 T1 T2
IG 7.7 (6.3 - 9.1) 12.6 (11.2 - 14) 12.6 (11.2 - 14)
CG 6.8 (5.6 - 7.9) 11.6 (10.5 - 12.8) 12 (10.8 - 13.1)
  p = 0.2937 p = 0.284 p = 0.5245
     MI, mean (95% CI)
        T0 T1 T2
IG 66.5 (60.1 - 72.9) 78.5 (72.1 - 84.9) 78.9 (72.5 - 85.3)
CG 62.4 (57.4 - 67.5) 74.2 (69.1 - 79.3) 83.5 (78.2 - 88.8)
  p = 0.3291 p = 0.3058 p = 0.2814
  1. IG Intervention Group, CG Control Group, LL-FMA Lower Limb Fugl Meyer Assessment, TUG Timed Up and Go test, MAS Motor Assessment Scale, FAT Frenchay Arm Test, MAL Motor activity Log, CAAI Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory, BBS Berg Balance Scale, 6MWT 6 minute walk test, ASS Ashworth Spasticity Scale, GS grip strength, SISmob Stroke Impact Scale mobility part, RMI Rivermead Mobility Index, MI Motricity Index