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Table 2 Basic functional performance

From: Can in-hospital or post discharge caregiver involvement increase functional performance of older patients? A systematic review

Study Measure points   Basic ADL Extended ADL Others
Everink et al 2018   KI, mean (SD)   FAI, mean (SD)
T0= admission geriatric rehabilitation   T1 T2   T1 T2
T1= 3 months IG 4.6 (2.4) 4.4 (2.9) 31.1 (9.4) 31.0 (9.4)
T2= 9 months CG 5.7 (2.8) 5.0 (3.0) 27.4 (9.7) 29.4 (11.2)
   p = 0.360 p = 0.862 p = 0.014 p = 0.288
Forster et al 2013    NEADL, mean (SE)  
T0= baseline    T1  
T1= 6 months IG 27.4 (1.00)
T2= 12 months CG 27.6 (0.99)
   p = 0.866
Galvin et al 2011   BI, mean change (SD) NEADL, mean change (SD) RNLI, mean change (SD)
T0= baseline   T1 - T0 T2 - T1 T2 – T1 T2 – T1
T1= 8 weeks IG 32.3 (24) 3.8 (8.3) 7.6 (8.3) 4.7 (4.3)
T2= 3 months CG 16.3 (14.2) 1.5 (11.6) 3.6 (7.8) 0.4 (2.9)
   p = 0.04 p = 0.36 p = 0.02 p = 0.00
Gräsel et al 2005   BI, mean change (SD)   
   T2 – T0   
T0= after intervention IG 11.4 (14.1)
T2= 6 months CG 11.2 (16.4)
   p = 0.968
   FIM, mean change (SD)   
   T2 – T0   
IG 2.5 (12.9)
CG 7.4 (12.2)
  p = 0.129
Hebel et al 2014   BI, median NEADL, median MRS, median
T0= after intervention   T0 T1 T2 T1 T2   T0 T1 T2
T1= 3 months IG 60 75 90 7 14   3 2 2
T2= 12 months CG 72.5 85 90 13 14.5   2 2 2
   p = 0.02 p = 0.07 p = 0.65 p = 0.004 p = 0.27   p = 0.11 p = 0.18 p = 0.53
Kalra/Patel et al 2004   BI, BI >18   FAI, median (IQR)
T0= baseline   T2 T4   T0 T4
T2= 12 weeks IG 51.3% 61.5% 25 (20 - 29) 15 (9 - 23)
T4= 52 weeks CG 34.8% 50.3% 24 (21 - 29) 16 (8 - 22)
   p = 0.007 p = 0.074 p = not stated p= not stated
van den Berg et al 2016   BI, mean (95% CI) NEADL, mean (95% CI)   
T0= baseline   T1 T2 T1 T2  
T1= 8 weeks IG 89.3 (81.6 - 97) 89.4 (81.7 - 97.1) 14.3 (12.1-16.4) 15.9 (13.8-18.1)
T2= 12 weeks CG 84.9 (78.7 - 91) 88.7 (82.4 - 94.9) 10.7 (9 - 12.4) 12.9 (11.1-14.6)
   p = 0.3811 p = 0.8894 p = 0.0118 p= 0.0319
  1. IG Intervention Group, CG Control Group, KI Katz Index, BI Barthel Index, FIM Functional Independence Measure, NEADL Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living, FAI Frenchay Activity Index, RNLI Reintegration to Normal Living Index, MRS Modified Rankin Scale