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Table 1 Sample characteristics of the intervention group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30)

From: Effectiveness of a peer-based intervention on loneliness and social isolation of older Chinese immigrants in Canada: a randomized controlled trial

Variables Intervention
n = 30
Control
n = 30
Chi-square (p-value)
% n % n
Gender      .287(.592)
 Female 66.7 20 60 18  
 Male 33.3 10 40 12  
Age      40.000(.051)
 61–70 20 6 13.3 4  
 71–80 10 3 43.3 13  
 81–90 36.7 11 30 9  
 91 and older 33.3 10 13.3 4  
Language most often spoken at home      1.111(.574)
 English 0 0 3.3 1  
 Chinese unspecified 83.3 25 83.3 25  
 Mandarin 16.7 5 13.3 4  
Country of birth      2.864(.581)
 Mainland China 70 21 80 24  
 Hong Kong 16.7 5 10 3  
 Macau 3.3 1 0 0  
 Vietnam 10 3 10 3  
Number of years in Canada      37.312(.201)
 0–10 0 0 6.7 2  
 11–20 26.7 8 10 3  
 21–30 26.7 8 40 12  
 31–40 20 6 13.3 4  
 41 and above 16.7 5 13.3 4  
 Cannot remember 10 3 16.7 5  
Marital status      1.758(.624)
 Married 36.7 11 50 15  
 Widowed 50 15 43.3 13  
 Separated 3.3 1 3.3 1  
 Divorced 10 3 3.3 1  
Difficulty of performing activities      1.864(.394)
 Yes, sometimes 30 9 36.7 11  
 Yes, often 43.3 13 26.7 8  
 No 26.7 8 36.7 11  
Physical/mental condition or health problem reduces activities      .821(.663)
 Yes, sometimes 46.7 14 46.7 14  
 Yes, often 13.3 4 6.7 2  
 No 40 12 46.7 14