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Table 4 Risk factors of dysphagia among nursing home residents-results of binary logistic regression (N = 775)

From: Prevalence and risk factors of dysphagia among nursing home residents in eastern China: a cross-sectional study

Variables B p-Value Adjusted OR 95%C.I. for OR
Lower Upper
Marital status 0.141 0.607 1.152 0.672 1.973
Texture of diet 1.094 <0.001 2.978** 2.378 3.751
BI 0.349 0.002 1.418** 1.139 1.766
Muscle strength <0.001 0.998 1.000 0.841 1.189
BMI −0.088 0.560 0.916 0.680 1.232
Dental condition −0.027 0.874 0.974 0.701 1.353
Aspiration history 3.134 <0.001 22.962** 11.142 47.321
Pneumonia history 1.591 0.001 4.909** 1.855 12.991
Hospitalization history 0.284 0.312 1.328 0.766 2.304
Types of oral medication 0.544 0.038 1.723* 1.031 2.880
Dementia 0.175 0.572 1.192 0.649 2.187
Parkinson disease 0.942 0.047 2.566* 1.012 6.511
Stroke history 0.232 0.383 1.261 0.749 2.122
Cancer 1.359 0.052 3.893 0.988 15.342
Hyperlipidemia −0.765 0.129 0.465 0.173 1.251
Heart attack history 1.336 0.002 3.804** 1.636 8.845
  1. BI Barthel Index, BMI Body Mass Index
  2. * p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01