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Table 2 Disability status of participants and results of the univariate analysis (N = 775)

From: Prevalence and risk factors of dysphagia among nursing home residents in eastern China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Classification Total (n = 775) With dysphagia (n = 241) Without dysphagia (n = 534) T/χ2 p-Value
BI (Mean ± SD) 56.2 ± 38.3 24.6 ± 30.8 70.4 ± 32.4 18.506** <0.001
No dependency (100 points) 169 (21.8%) 9 (3.7%) 160 (30.0%) 233.516** <0.001
Mild dependency (61 ~ 99 points) 227 (29.3%) 28 (11.6%) 199 (37.3%)   
Moderate dependency (41 ~ 60 points) 81 (10.5%) 26 (10.8%) 55 (10.3%)   
Severe dependency (20 ~ 40 points) 107 (13.8%) 43 (17.8%) 64 (12.0%)   
Complete dependency (0 ~ 19 points) 191 (24.6%) 135 (56.0%) 56 (10.5%)   
Muscle strength Level 0 (Zero) 80 (10.3%) 52 (21.6%) 28 (5.2%) 134.669** <0.001
Level 1 (Trace) 38 (4.9%) 23 (9.5%) 15 (2.8%)   
Level 2 (Poor) 78 (10.1%) 44 (18.3%) 34 (6.4%)   
Level 3 (Fair) 60 (7.7%) 22 (9.1%) 38 (7.1%)   
Level 4 (Good) 140 (18.1%) 47 (19.5%) 93 (17.4%)   
Level 5 (Normal) 379 (48.9%) 53 (22.0%) 326 (61.0%)   
  1. BI Barthel Index
  2. **p ≤ 0.01