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Table 2 Health/illness

From: Prevalence and characteristics of older adults with a persistent death wish without severe illness: a large cross-sectional survey

Aspects and items Active
persistent death wish, no severe illness
N = 155
(0.7% of 21,294)
Passive persistent death wish, no severe illness
N = 93
(0.4% of 21,294)
Persistent
death wish (passive/ active
nature unknown), no severe illness
N = 19
(< 0.1% of 21,294)
Total group
“Persistent
death wish, no severe illness”
(PDW-NSI)
N = 267
(1.25% of 21,294)
Answer “No” to differentiation question - Does the description “seeing no future for oneself, longing for death, while not being severely ill” apply to you?
N = 20,883
(97.8% of 21,294)
P-value
PDW-NSI
group
vs.
Diff. question
= No
P-value
Active
vs.
Passive
Current health state VASa
Median (Q1-Q3) 6 (5–7) 7 (6–8) 6 (6–7) 6 (6–7) 8 (7–8) 0.000 0.010
EQ-5D-5L sum scoreb
Median (Q1-Q3) 10 (8–13) 8 (7–11) 11 (8–13) 10 (8–12) 7 (5–9) 0.000 0.000
HADS depression subscale, sum scorec
Median (Q1-Q3) 11 (8–12) 8 (6–11.5) 10 (7–14) 10 (6.7–12) 3 (1–5)d 0.000 0.001
Life-threatening disease
Never 110 (71.0) 76 (81.7) 13 (68.4) 199 (74.5) 16,388 (78.5) 0.196 0.139
Yes, but not anymore 33 (21.3) 14 (15.1) 5 (26.3) 52 (19.5) 3595 (17.2)
Yes, at this moment 12 (7.7) 3 (3.2) 1 (5.3) 16 (6.0) 900 (4.3)
Number of current diseasese
None 9 (5.8) 16 (17.2) 0 (0.0) 25 (9.4) 288 (28.2)f 0.000 0.008
Median (Q1-Q3) 2 (1–4) 1 (1–2) 3 (2–4) 2 (1–3) 1 (0–2) 0.000 0.000
Burden of current diseasesg
Median (Q1-Q3) 7 (5–8) 6 (4.5–7) 6 (5–8) 7 (5–8) 4 (3–6) 0.000 0.005
Number of current complaintsh
None 3 (1.9) 5 (5.4) 0 (0.0) 8 (3.0) 195 (19.1)i 0.000 0.155
Median (Q1-Q3) 5 (3–7) 3 (2–6) 6 (4–9) 5 (3–7) 2 (1–4) 0.000 0.000
Burden of current complaintsj
Median (Q1-Q3) 7 (5–7) 5.5 (4–7) 6 (5–8) 6 (5–7) 5 (3–6) 0.000 0.000
  1. Results are presented as N (%) unless “Median (Q1-Q3)” is reported
  2. Percentages may not add up to 100% because of rounding
  3. Medians are reported with 25th–75th percentiles
  4. Statistically significant results (p < 0.05) are in bold
  5. aVisual Analogue Scale ranging from 0 (worst imaginable) to 10 (best imaginable health state)
  6. bEQ-5D-5L sum scores range from 5 to 25. Higher sum scores indicate more severe problems on the five domains of health
  7. cHADS depression subscale, sum scores range from 0 to 21. Higher sum scores are related to a possible indication for depression with a greater severity
  8. dN = 1020 (comparison group)
  9. eChosen from the following list of diseases: joint conditions, osteoporosis, diabetes, neck or back problems, tightness of the chest (e.g. COPD, asthma), Crohn’s disease, MS/ALS, skin disease, thyroid disease, heart conditions, consequences of CVA, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, cancer, psychological complaints (mood or anxiety complaints, depression), other
  10. fPercentages are based on N = 1020 (comparison group)
  11. g10-point scale ranging from 1 (“very little”) to 10 (“very much”). Diseases are listed above
  12. hChosen from a list of complaints, such as hearing problems or deafness, tinnitus, headache, dizziness, obesity, incontinence, chronic itching, extreme/chronic fatigue, depressive feelings, obstipation and (chronic) pain, other
  13. iPercentages are based on N = 1020 (comparison group)
  14. j10-point scale ranging from 1 (“very little”) to 10 (“very much”). Complaints are listed above