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Table 1 Background characteristics

From: Prevalence and characteristics of older adults with a persistent death wish without severe illness: a large cross-sectional survey

Aspects and items Active
persistent death wish, no severe illness
N = 155
(0.7% of 21,294)
Passive
persistent death wish, no severe illness
N = 93
(0.4% of 21,294)
Persistent
death wish
(passive/active
nature unknown), no severe illness
N = 19
(< 0.1% of 21,294)
Total group “Persistent
death wish, no severe illness”
(PDW-NSI)
N = 267
(1.25% of 21,294)
Answer “No” to differentiation question: Does the description “seeing no future for oneself, longing for death, while not being severely ill” apply to you?
N = 20,883
(97.8% of 21,294)
P-value
PDW-NSI
group
vs.
Diff. question
= No
P-value
Active
vs.
Passive
Gender
Female 87 (56.1) 50 (53.8) 12 (63.2) 149 (55.8) 10,500 (50.3) 0.074 0.792
Male 68 (43.9) 43 (46.2) 7 (36.8) 118 (44.2) 10,383 (49.7)
Age (years)
Median (Q1-Q3) 64 (60–72) 67 (60.5–74) 68 (61–75) 65 (60–73) 65 (60–72) 0.161 0.267
55–59 37 (23.9) 18 (19.4) 3 (15.8) 58 (21.7) 5119 (24.5)
60–64 44 (28.4) 19 (20.4) 3 (15.8) 66 (24.7) 4569 (21.9)
65–69 21 (13.5) 19 (20.4) 6 (31.6) 46 (17.2) 4156 (19.9)
70–74 23 (14.8) 16 (17.2) 2 (10.5) 41 (15.4) 3977 (19.0)
75–79 16 (10.3) 12 (12.9) 4 (21.1) 32 (12.0) 1796 (8.6)
80–84 8 (5.2) 6 (6.5) 0 (0.0) 14 (5.2) 890 (4.3)
85–89 4 (2.6) 3 (3.2) 1 (5.3) 8 (3.0) 320 (1.5)
90–94 2 (1.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.7) 51 (0.2)
95–99 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (< 0.1)
Educational attainmenta
Low 54 (34.8) 37 (39.8) 7 (36.8) 98 (36.7) 7018 (33.6) 0.288b 0.507c
Middle 59 (38.1) 27 (29.0) 11 (57.9) 97 (36.3) 7554 (36.2)
High 41 (26.5) 27 (29.0) 1 (5.3) 69 (25.8) 6213 (29.8)
Unknown 1 (0.6) 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.1) 98 (0.5)
Worldviewd
Religious worldview 52 (31.9) 45 (45.0) 9 (45.0) 106 (37.5) 517 (49.1) 0.002 0.023
Non-religious worldview 49 (30.1) 27 (27.0) 5 (25.0) 81 (28.6) 200 (19.0) 0.000 0.776
Worldview, religiousness unknown 8 (4.9) 3 (3.0) 0 (0.0) 11 (3.9) 44 (4.2) 1.000 0.544
No worldview 54 (33.1) 25 (25.0) 6 (30.0) 85 (30.0) 293 (27.8) 0.327 0.208
Number of childrene
0 31 (26.5) 20 (26.7) 5 (35.7) 56 (27.2) 124 (16.3) 0.000 0.734
1 14 (12.0) 14 (18.7) 1 (7.1) 29 (14.1) 96 (12.6)
2 56 (47.9) 29 (38.7) 7 (50.0) 92 (44.7) 329 (43.1)
3 or more 16 (13.7) 12 (16.0) 1 (7.1) 29 (14.1) 214 (28.0)
Household size (number of persons)
1 84 (54.2) 46 (49.5) 9 (47.4) 139 (52.1) 5259 (25.2) 0.000 0.504
2 58 (37.4) 39 (41.9) 10 (52.6) 107 (40.1) 12,480 (59.8)
3 or more 13 (8.4) 8 (8.6) 0 (0.0) 21 (7.9) 3144 (15.1)
Social classf
Low 78 (50.3) 49 (52.7) 15 (78.9) 142 (53.2) 8406 (40.3) 0.000 0.934
Middle 26 (16.8) 12 (12.9) 0 (0.0) 38 (14.2) 3171 (15.2)
High 51 (32.9) 32 (34.4) 4 (21.1) 87 (32.6) 9306 (44.6)
Urbanizationg
Very high 39 (25.2) 35 (37.6) 3 (15.8) 77 (28.8) 3829 (18.3)h 0.001 0.187
High 52 (33.5) 23 (24.7) 8 (42.1) 83 (31.1) 7290 (34.9)
Moderate 26 (16.8) 15 (16.1) 4 (21.1) 45 (16.9) 3813 (18.3)
Low 28 (18.1) 12 (12.9) 3 (15.8) 43 (16.1) 4223 (20.2)
None 10 (6.5) 8 (8.6) 1 (5.3) 19 (7.1) 1722 (8.2)
  1. Results are presented as N (%) unless “Median (Q1-Q3)” is reported
  2. Percentages may not add up to 100% because of rounding
  3. Medians are reported with 25th–75th percentiles
  4. N/A = not applicable
  5. Statistically significant results (p < 0.05) are in bold
  6. aLow = lower vocational education, lower secondary education, or less; Middle = intermediate vocational education or higher secondary education; High = higher vocational education or university; Unknown = I do not know/want to answer
  7. bN = 21,049 because category “Unknown” was not included in the test
  8. cN = 245 because category “Unknown” was not included in the test
  9. dReligious worldview = Protestant, Catholic, Muslim, Jewish, Hindu and Buddhist. Non-religious worldview = atheist, agnostic, “spiritual but not religious”, humanist, anthroposophical and esoteric. Worldview, religiousness unknown = other worldview. Respondents could give more than one answer and may thus be counted in more than one category. Therefore, N = 163, N = 100, N = 20, N = 283, N = 1054 (comparison group) respectively and percentages are based on these numbers. In group comparisons, worldview is tested with separate tests for each category (yes/no)
  10. eN = 117, N = 75, N = 14, N = 206, N = 763 (comparison group) respectively for the groups, due to missing values for “number of children”
  11. fBased on educational attainment and profession of the main breadwinner
  12. gVery high= > 2500; High = 1500–2500; Moderate = 1000–1500; Low = 500–1000; None= < 500 addresses per km2
  13. hN = 20,877 in this column due to 6 missings for this variable