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Table 1 ICHOM Standard Set Older Person outcome measures by value-based health status

From: First insights on value-based healthcare of elders using ICHOM older person standard set reporting

Data values show mean ± standard deviation or number (percent) Entire cohort Value-based health status p
Low (< 8/10) High (≥8/10)
Number 299 210 89  
ICHOM Standard Set Older Person Tier 1
 Clinical frailty scale 2.7 ± 0.9 2.8 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 0.7 < 0.001
 Frail 35 (11.7) 35 (16.7) 0 (0.0) < 0.001
 Preferred place of death chosen 43 (14.4) 25 (11.9) 18 (20.2) 0.061
 Do Not Resuscitate signed 21 (7.0) 11 (5.2) 10 (11.2) 0.064
ICHOM Standard Set Older Person Tier 2
 Number of drugs 3.6 ± 2.7 4.3 ± 2.7 2.0 ± 1.7 < 0.001
 Polypharmacy (≥5 concurrent drugs) 95 (31.8) 90 (42.8) 5 (5.6) < 0.001
 Number of adverse drug events in past 12 months 0.0 ± 0.1 0.0 ± 0.2 0.0 ± 0.0 0.180
 Episodes of discomfort after medications in past 12 months 0.0 ± 0.1 0.0 ± 0.2 0.0 ± 0.0 0.103
 Fell in past 12 months 51 (17.1) 50 (23.8) 1 (1.1) < 0.001
 Number of falls in past 12 months 0.2 ± 0.6 0.3 ± 0.7 0.0 ± 0.1 < 0.001
 Hospital admissions in past 12 months 0.2 ± 0.4 0.2 ± 0.5 0.1 ± 0.3 0.004
 Length of hospital stay (days) 1.1 ± 3.7 1.4 ± 4.3 0.5 ± 1.8 0.009
 Able to cope with own health 276 (92.3) 187 (89.1) 89 (100.0) 0.001
 Participate in care decision-making 276 (92.3) 188 (89.5) 88 (98.9) 0.006
 Treated with dignity and respect 289 (96.7) 200 (95.2) 89 (100.0) 0.036
 Received coordinated care 270 (90.3) 181 (86.2) 89 (100.0) < 0.001
 Discharged to place of choice 296 (99.0) 207 (98.6) 89 (100.0) 0.257
 Overall participation in decision-making 4.7 ± 0.7 4.6 ± 0.9 5.0 ± 0.1 < 0.001
 High participation (≥5) 244 (81.6) 156 (74.3) 88 (98.9) < 0.001
ICHOM Standard Set Older Person Tier 3
 UCLA Loneliness Scale 31.0 ± 10.0 33.4 ± 11.0 25.3 ± 3.0 < 0.001
 Loneliness 80 (26.8) 80 (38.1) 0 (0.0) < 0.001
 Activities of daily living 7.4 ± 1.4 7.2 ± 1.6 8.0 ± 0.3 < 0.001
 Any limitation of activities of daily living 67 (22.4) 66 (31.4) 1 (1.1) < 0.001
 Walking speed (m/s) 0.9 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.3 1.1 ± 0.2 < 0.001
 Slowness (6-m walk < 0.8 m/s) 115 (38.5) 114 (54.3) 1 (1.1) < 0.001
 Moderate pain 31 (10.4) 30 (14.3) 1 (1.1) < 0.001
 Depression 39 (13.0) 39 (18.6) 0 (0.0) < 0.001
 Value-based healthcare score 7.2 ± 1.8 6.5 ± 1.6 9.1 ± 0.3 < 0.001
 High value-based healthcare 89 (29.8) 0 89 (100) < 0.001
  1. ICHOM International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement, UCLA University of California, Los Angeles