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Table 3 Physical frailty transitions between baseline and follow-up, n (%)

From: Loneliness as a risk factor for frailty transition among older Chinese people

  3 -year period (2008–2011) 6-year period (2008–2014)
  Total female male Total female male
Remaining robust and prefrail 2605 (45.3) 1160 (40.0) 1445 (50.8) 1617 (45.6) 731 (40.9) 886 (50.3)
Worsening 1649 (28.7) 870 (30.0) 779 (27.4) 1132 (31.9) 586 (32.8) 546 (31.0)
Improvement 1185 (20.6) 630 (21.7) 555 (19.5) 676 (19.1) 371 (20.8) 305 (17.3)
Remaining frail 307 (5.3) 241 (8.3) 66 (2.3) 123 (3.5) 98 (5.5) 25 (1.4)
Total 5746 2901 2845 3548 1786 1762
  1. Notes: chi-squared test for physical frailty transitions by gender in 3-year period: p < 0.0001
  2. chi-squared test for physical frailty transitions by gender in 6-year period: p < 0.0001
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