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Table 2 Associations of background characteristics and health behaviours with quality of life and health outcomes

From: Social participation is an important health behaviour for health and quality of life among chronically ill older Chinese people

  QoLa Cognitive functionb Physical functionc
Age (years) −.054*** −.310*** .228***
Gender (female) −.055*** −.088*** .020
Residence (rural) −.124*** −.256*** .119***
Marital status (non-single) .122*** .189*** −.108***
Education (lower) −.180*** −.374*** .130***
Income
 Quintile 1 (lowest) −.252*** −.254*** .120***
 Quintile 2 −.108*** −.143*** .021
 Quintile 3 .016 −.023 .021
 Quintile 4 .093*** .154*** −.052***
 Quintile 5 (highest) .242*** .255*** −.106***
Social participation indexd .178*** .197*** −.135***
FV intake (sufficient) .185*** .153*** −.073***
PA (active) .095*** .105*** −.197***
Daily smoker (yes) .004 .025 −.034
  1. QoL quality of life, FV fruit and vegetable, PA physical activity
  2. ***p < 0.001
  3. aHigher scores represent better QoL
  4. bHigher scores represent better cognitive function
  5. cHigher scores represent poorer physical function
  6. dHigher scores indicate more social participation