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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population (n = 6629)

From: Social participation is an important health behaviour for health and quality of life among chronically ill older Chinese people

Characteristic n % Mean (SD) Range
Age (years) 6629 100.0 64.9 (9.28) 50–99
Gender
 Female 3709 56.0   
 Male 2920 44.0   
Marital status
Missing 6 (0.1%)
 Non-single 5426 81.9   
 Single 1197 18.0   
Residence
 Rural 2846 42.9   
 Urban 3783 57.1   
Education level
Missing 35 (0.5%)
 Lower 3984 60.1   
 Higher 2610 39.4   
Income level
Missing 30 (0.5%)
   
 Quintile 1 (lowest) 1265 19.1   
 Quintile 2 1246 18.8   
 Quintile 3 1333 20.1   
 Quintile 4 1417 21.3   
 Quintile 5 (highest) 1338 20.2   
NCDs
 Hypertension 3538 53.8   
 Arthritis 2855 43.1   
 Angina 1139 17.2   
 Chronic lung disease 1115 16.9   
 Diabetes 845 12.8   
 Stroke 453 6.8   
 Paralysis 397 6.2   
 Asthma 318 4.8   
 Depression diagnosed 40 0.6   
Health behaviours
Social participation index
Missing 11 (0.2%)
6618 99.8 14.6 (3.58) 8–36
FV consumption
Missing 333 (5%)
 Inadequate 2188 33.0   
 Adequate 4108 62.0   
PA
Missing 13 (0.2%)
 Insufficient 2309 34.8   
 Sufficient 4307 65.0   
Daily smoker
Missing 16 (0.2%)
 Yes 1358 20.5   
 No 5255 79.3   
Health and QoL outcomes
QoL
Missing 121 (1.8%)
6508 98.2 3.5 (0.6) 1–5
Cognitive function
Missing 471 (7.1%)
6158 92.9 38.9 (10.1) 3–94
Physical function
Missing 15 (0.2%)
6614 99.8 0.9 (2.4) 0–24
  1. SD standard deviation; NCD, non-communicable disease; FV, fruit and vegetable; PA, physical activity; QoL, quality of life