Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between financial stress and good self-reported health

From: Effect of financial stress on self-rereported health and quality of life among older adults in five developing countries: a cross sectional analysis of WHO-SAGE survey

  Overall China Ghana India Russia South Africa
Model 1
Has Money (Completely)
  Moderately 0.81*** (0.72,0.92) 0.66** (0.51,0.86) 0.47** (0.28,0.77) 0.55*** (0.41,0.74) 0.48*** (0.37,0.63) 0.53 (0.28,1.01)
  A Little 0.39*** (0.34,0.44) 0.13*** (0.09,0.17) 0.31*** (0.19,0.51) 0.29*** (0.21,0.40) 0.46*** (0.33,0.65) 0.22*** (0.12,0.41)
  Not at All 0.25*** (0.21,0.29) 0.05*** (0.02,0.12) 0.22*** (0.13,0.36) 0.23*** (0.15,0.35) 0.24*** (0.16,0.37) 0.15*** (0.08,0.28)
Model 2
Income quintile (Q1)
  Q2 0.81** (0.71,0.93) 0.70* (0.50,0.96) 1.27 (0.95,1.69) 1.29 (0.93,1.78) 1.38 (0.98,1.95) 1.08 (0.72,1.62)
  Q3 0.98 (0.86,1.10) 0.53*** (0.40,0.70) 1.20 (0.89,1.60) 1.33 (0.96,1.86) 1.22 (0.86,1.74) 1.47 (0.96,2.25)
  Q4 1.04 (0.90,1.19) 0.70 (0.49,1.01) 1.61** (1.18,2.20) 2.06*** (1.48,2.88) 1.06 (0.72,1.56) 1.59* (1.04,2.44)
  Q5 1.46*** (1.26,1.70) 0.89 (0.59,1.33) 2.14*** (1.52,3.01) 2.00*** (1.40,2.85) 1.76** (1.19,2.60) 2.38*** (1.48,3.82)
Model 3
Has Money (Completely)
  Moderately 0.82** (0.73,0.93) 0.61*** (0.47,0.80) 0.48** (0.29,0.79) 0.56*** (0.42,0.76) 0.49*** (0.38,0.65) 0.56 (0.29,1.05)
  A Little 0.39*** (0.35,0.44) 0.09*** (0.07,0.13) 0.33*** (0.20,0.53) 0.30*** (0.21,0.42) 0.48*** (0.34,0.68) 0.23*** (0.13,0.43)
  Not at All 0.25*** (0.21,0.29) 0.03*** (0.01,0.08) 0.24*** (0.15,0.40) 0.25*** (0.16,0.39) 0.25*** (0.17,0.39) 0.16*** (0.08,0.30)
Income quintile (Q1)
  Q2 0.72*** (0.63,0.83) 0.41*** (0.29,0.58) 1.17 (0.87,1.57) 1.16 (0.83,1.61) 1.29 (0.90,1.83) 1.04 (0.68,1.59)
  Q3 0.85* (0.75,0.97) 0.41*** (0.30,0.55) 1.04 (0.77,1.41) 1.14 (0.81,1.61) 1.06 (0.74,1.53) 1.47 (0.95,2.27)
  Q4 0.85* (0.73,0.98) 0.27*** (0.18,0.40) 1.36 (0.99,1.88) 1.22 (0.83,1.79) 0.92 (0.62,1.37) 1.37 (0.88,2.14)
  Q5 1.06 (0.91,1.24) 0.31*** (0.20,0.48) 1.62** (1.13,2.32) 1.61** (1.14,2.27) 1.48 (0.99,2.23) 1.55 (0.94,2.57)
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets.
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001