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Table 4 Odds ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) for patient-level characteristics associated with discordance between the measures of morbidity (self-report and Rx-Risk and Rx-Risk-V)

From: Agreement between self-reported morbidity and pharmacy claims data for prescribed medications in an older community based population

  Hypertension Heart Attack Stroke TIA High Cholesterol Heart Trouble Cancer Emotional Problems Anxiety
Age (years) 1.01 (1.01–1.02)* 1.04 (1.03–1.05)* 1.04 (1.03–1.05)* 1.00 (1.02–1.10) 1.01 (1.00–1.01) 1.04 (1.03–1.05)* 1.02 (1.00–1.03) 0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.99 (0.98–1.00)
Gender
 Male          
 Female 0.94 (0.79–1.11) 0.88 (0.74–1.04) 0.62 (0.52–0.74)* 0.60 (0.45–0.80)* 0.68 (0.57–0.81)* 0.92 (0.77–1.09) 0.86 (0.65–1.14) 1.57 (1.29–1.92)* 1.66 (1.35–2.04)*
Marital Status
 Married          
 Never Married 1.04 (0.79–1.37) 0.69 (0.52–0.92)* 0.69 (0.52–0.92)* 0.88 (0.54–1.42) 0.89 (0.67–1.10) 0.85 (0.65–1.13) 1.00 (0.65–1.55) 0.98 (0.72–1.35) 0.95 (0.69–1.32)
 Separated/Divorced 0.97 (0.69–1.35) 0.83 (0.59–1.17) 0.77 (0.55–1.08) 1.34 (0.76–2.36) 0.94 (0.67–1.30) 0.85 (0.61–1.19) 0.79 (0.44–1.40) 1.15 (0.82–1.61) 1.04 (0.73–1.47)
 Widowed 1.04 (0.84–1.30) 1.08 (0.86–1.34) 1.11 (0.89–1.38) 1.03 (0.72–1.48) 1.09 (0.87–1.37) 0.91 (0.73–1.14) 0.94 (0.65–1.33) 1.06 (0.82–1.35) 0.94 (0.73–1.22)
Education
 Primary/None          
 Secondary 0.93 (0.78–1.13) 0.91 (0.83–1.20) 0.95 (0.78–1.15) 0.88 (0.64–1.20) 1.17 (0.97–1.40) 0.99 (0.82–1.19) 1.42 (1.04–1.92) 1.02 (0.83–1.25) 0.97 (0.78–1.20)
 Third/Higher Level 0.75 (0.59–0.96)* 1.13 (0.89–1.43) 1.14 (0.90–1.44) 0.78 (0.52–1.17) 1.12 (0.87–1.00) 0.91 (0.72–1.15) 1.37 (0.95–2.00) 0.86 (0.65–1.13) 0.83 (0.63–1.10)
Poor Delayed Recall (Yes) 0.97 (0.79–1.17) 1.04 (0.86–1.27) 0.98 (0.81–1.20) 0.75 (0.54–1.04) 0.99 (0.81–1.20) 0.90 (0.75–1.10) 1.00 (0.73–1.37) 1.18 (0.95–1.48) 1.22 (1.62–2.59)
Depression (Yes) 0.97 (0.77–1.23) 1.08 (0.85–1.36) 1.03 (0.81–1.30) 1.20 (0.82–1.75) 0.98 (0.77–1.20) 0.92 (0.73–1.16) 1.36 (0.96–1.94) 2.15 (1.71–2.70)* 2.05 (1.62–2.59)*
Polypharmacy (Yes) 1.81 (1.52–2.14)* 3.12 (2.64–3.70)* 4.13 (3.47–4.90)* 3.60 (2.69–4.79)* 1.40 (1.18–1.60)* 3.50 (2.97–4.17)* 1.28 (0.97–1.69) 1.16 (0.96–1.41) 1.20 (0.98–1.46)
  Depression only Stomach ulcers Asthma Arthritis (general) Rheumatoid Arthritis only Angina Congestive Heart Failure Abnormal Heart Rhythm Lung Disease
Age 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 1.02 (0.99–1.06) 1.00 (0.98–1.02) 1.00 (0.98–1.03) 1.03 (1.02–1.05)* 1.06 (1.04–1.09)* 1.03 (1.00–1.06) 0.10 (0.97–1.02)
Gender
 Male          
 Female 1.46 (1.19–1.79)* 1.09 (0.92–1.27) 0.77 (0.54–1.09) 1.02 (0.78–1.32) 1.11(0.86–1.44) 1.13 (0.91–1.4) 1.00 (0.73–1.34) 0.74 (0.54–1.03) 1.17 (0.91–1.50)
Marital Status
 Married          
 Never Married 1.04 (0.75–1.43) 0.97 (0.75–1.25) 1.10 (0.65–1.87) 0.95 (0.64–1.41) 0.94(0.63–1.39) 1.01 (0.72–1.43) 1.26 (0.76–2.06) 0.64 (0.36–1.13) 1.09 (0.74–1.60)
 Separated/Divorced 1.24 (0.88–1.76) 1.01 (0.75–1.37) 1.28 (0.80–2.06) 0.94 (0.66–1.35) 0.79(0.55–1.14) 1.19 (0.68–2.07) 1.43 (0.64–3.21) 0.83 (0.34–2.02) 1.00 (0.53–1.89)
 Widowed 1.00 (0.77–1.29) 0.97 (0.79–1.20) 1.65 (0.96–2.82) 0.93 (0.60–1.44) 0.73(0.47–1.13) 0.86 (0.67–1.11) 1.06 (0.74–1.53) 0.88 (0.60–1.27) 0.81 (0.61–1.09)
Education
 Primary/None          
 Secondary 1.05 (0.85–1.30) 1.12 (0.94–1.33) 0.90 (0.62–1.30) 0.98 (0.74–1.29) 1.04(0.78–1.37) 0.89 (0.71–1.13) 0.75 (0.53–1.06) 1.24 (0.89–1.75) 0.70 (0.53–0.92)
 Third/Higher Level 0.80 (0.60–1.07) 0.89 (0.71–1.11) 0.79 (0.48–1.33) 0.70(0.48–1.02) 0.74(0.51–1.07) 0.87 (0.65–1.15) 0.59 (0.37–0.95) 0.99 (0.64–1.54) 0.77 (0.56–1.07)
Poor Delayed Recall 1.25 (1.00–1.57) 1.11 (0.93–1.34) 0.76 (0.48–1.22) 1.06 (0.75–1.48) 0.89(0.64–1.25) 0.85 (0.68–1.07) 1.13 (0.82–1.56) 0.93 (0.67–1.30) 1.04 (0.80–1.32)
Depression (Yes) 2.34 (1.85–2.95)* 1.34 (1.09–1.67)* 1.30 (0.89–1.91) 1.36 (1.01–1.82)* 1.26(0.94–1.70) 1.00 (0.73–1.38) 1.71 (1.15–2.55)* 1.67 (1.10–2.50)* 1.47 (1.04–1.34)*
Polypharmacy 1.60 (1.31–1.95)* 2.17 (1.84–2.55)* 1.82 (1.29–2.58)* 0.79 (0.60–1.04) 1.11 (0.84–1.47) 1.88 (1.50–2.30)* 3.64 (2.67–4.93)* 3.28 (2.40–4.49)* 1.56 (1.23–1.97)*
  Osteoporosis Psychosis only Incontinence Pain Pain (meds)
Age 1.01 (0.98–1.03) 1.01 (0.98–0.05) 1.02 (0.99–1.04) 0.99 (0.97–1.01) 1.00 (0.98–1.01)
Gender
 Male      
 Female 5.20 (3.33–8.09)* 2.00 (1.34–2.97)* 2.13 (1.59–2.85)* 1.20 (0.97–1.50) 1.43 (1.13–1.80)*
Marital Status
 Married      
 Never Married 0.76 (0.39–1.45) 1.10 (0.60–2.02) 1.04 (0.65–1.67) 1.19 (0.84–1.67) 1.43 (1.00–2.00)
 Separated/Divorced 0.77 (0.29–2.05) 1.71 (0.76–3.85) 1.37 (0.68–2.70) 1.20 (0.69–2.08) 1.19 (0.66–2.10)
 Widowed 1.07 (0.73–1.56) 0.85 (0.55–1.32) 1.25 (0.91–1.71) 0.94 (0.73–1.22) 0.88 (0.67–1.16)
Education
 Primary/None      
 Secondary 1.15 (0.79–1.67) 0.68 (0.44–1.05) 1.10 (0.82–1.49) 0.80 (0.63–1.02) 0.83 (0.64–1.00)
 Third/Higher Level 1.23 (0.76–1.97) 0.89 (0.59–1.59) 1.07 (0.73–1.57) 1.00 (0.75–1.32) 0.78 (0.57–1.00)
Poor Delayed Recall 1.32 (0.92–1.89) 1.40 (0.96–2.06) 1.24 (0.93–1.65) 0.98 (0.78–1.23) 1.17 (0.92–1.40)
Depression (Yes) 1.36 (0.87–2.14) 2.00 (1.27–3.14)* 2.40 (1.70–3.40)* 1.59 (1.16–2.16)* 1.30 (0.93–1.80)
Polypharmacy 1.57 (1.14–2.20)* 1.27 (0.89–1.01) 1.92 (1.48–2.50)* 1.27 (1.03–1.56)* 1.49 (1.19–1.80)*
  1. Excluded diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, manic depression, cirrhosis, glaucoma, alcohol or substance abuse, and dementia as number of patients misreporting was small (N < 120)
  2. * p < 0.05