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Table 1 Frequency and bivariate sub-hazard ratios of admission into a Home Care programme or a Nursing Home during the 8-year follow-up in relation to the baseline characteristics of the cohort

From: The impact of frailty on admission to home care services and nursing homes: eight-year follow-up of a community-dwelling, older adult, Spanish cohort

VARIABLES N ALL N = 616 Death2 n = 95 HOME CARE NURSING HOME
No HC n = 403 HC n = 118 Sub-hazard Ratio3 [IC95%] No NH n = 470 NH n = 51 Sub-hazard Ratio3 [IC95%]
Age, years, mean (SD) 616 76.4 (4.8) 78.0 (4.9) 75.2 (4.3) 78.9 (4.8) 1.4 [1.1;1.2] 75.8 (4.6) 78.7 (5.1) 1.1 [1.1;1.2]
Gender, female, n (%) 616 342 (55.5%) 41 (43.2%) 233 (57.8%) 68 (57.6%) 1.0 [0.7;1.5] 267 (56.8%) 34 (66.7%) 1.5 [0.8;2.7]
Educational level, n (%): 599  
Illiterate   52 (8.6%) 7 (7.5%) 33 (8.3%) 12 (10.3%) Ref. 39 (8.4%) 6 (12.0%) Ref.
Incomplete primary   395 (65.0%) 71 (76.3%) 251 (63.1%) 73 (62.4%) 0.8 [0.4;1.5] 290 (62.4%) 34 (68.0%) 0.7 [0.3;1.8]
Primary   112 (18.4%) 9 (9.7%) 78 (19.6%) 25 (21.4%) 1.0 [0.5;2.0] 99 (21.3%) 4 (8.0%) 0.3 [0.1;1.1]
Secondary   29 (4.8%) 3 (3.2%) 24 (6.0%) 2 (1.7%) 0.3 [0.1;1.3] 23 (5.0%) 3 (6.0%) 0.8 [0.2;3.3]
University   11 (1.8%) 1 (1.1%) 7 (1.8%) 3 (2.6%) 1.2 [0.4;3.7] 9 (1.9%) 1 (2.0%) 0.7 [0.1;6.0]
Living arrangements, n (%): 613  
Family   167 (27.2%) 30 (31.9%) 106 (26.4%) 31 (26.5%) Ref. 126 (26.9%) 11 (21.6%) Ref.
Partner   311 (50.7%) 44 (46.8%) 206 (51.2%) 61 (52.1%) 1.1 [0.7;1.6] 251 (53.6%) 16 (31.4%) 0.8 [0.4;1.7]
Living alone   135 (22.0%) 20 (21.3%) 90 (22.4%) 25 (21.4%) 1.0 [0.6;1.8] 91 (19.4%) 24 (47.1%) 2.8 [1.4;5.8]
Physical activity, n (%): 610  
Active (≥30 min/day)   352 (57.7%) 37 (39.4%) 262 (65.8%) 53 (44.9%) Ref. 292 (62.8%) 23 (45.1%) Ref.
< 30 min/day   171 (28.0%) 42 (44.7%) 91 (22.9%) 38 (32.2%) 1.5 [1.0;2.2] 110 (23.7%) 19 (37.3%) 1.7 [0.9;3.1]
Sedentary   87 (14.3%) 15 (16.0%) 45 (11.3%) 27 (22.9%) 2.4 [1.5;3.8] 63 (13.5%) 9 (17.6%) 1.8 [0.9;3.9]
Body mass index, mean (SD) 592 28.5 (4.2) 28.3 (4.7) 28.2 (3.9) 29.6 (4.4) 1.1 [1.0;1.1] 28.5 (3.92) 28.9 (5.1) 1.0 [0.9;1.1]
Body mass index, n (%): 592         
< 22 Low weight   36 (6.1%) 8 (8.8%) 22 (5.7%) 6 (5.2%) Ref. 22 (4.9%) 6 (12.0%) Ref.
22–26.9 Norm weight   144 (24.3%) 26 (28.6%) 98 (25.5%) 20 (17.2%) 0.8 [0.3;2.0] 111 (24.6%) 7 (14.0%) 0.3 [0.1;0.8]
27–29.9 Over weight   169 (28.5%) 26 (28.6%) 96 (24.9%) 47 (40.5%) 1.5 [0.6;3.6] 123 (27.3%) 20 (40.0%) 0.7 [0.3;1.6]
≥ 30 Obesity   243 (41.0%) 31 (34.1%) 169 (43.9%) 43 (37.1%) 0.9 [0.4;2.2] 195 (43.2%) 17 (34.0%) 0.4 [0.1;0.9]
Perceived health1, n (%): 616  
Good or +   259 (42.0%) 31 (32.6%) 191 (47.4%) 37 (31.4%) Ref. 211 (44.9%) 17 (33.0%) Ref.
Fair   305 (49.5%) 54 (56.8%) 185 (45.9%) 66 (55.9%) 1.6 [1.1;2.4] 226 (48.1%) 25 (49.0%) 1.3 [0.7;2.5]
Bad   52 (8.4%) 10 (10.5%) 27 (6.7%) 15 (12.7%) 2.3 [1.3;4.2] 33 (37.0%) 9 (17.6%) 3.0 [1.3;6.7]
Hospitalization/previous year, n (%), ≥1 616 78 (12.7%) 19 (20.0%) 46 (11.4%) 13 (11.0%) 0.8 [0.5;1.5] 53 (11.3%) 6 (11.8%) 0.9 [0.4;2.1]
Falls / previous year, n (%) ≥ 1 615 149 (24.2%) 25 (26.3%) 101 (25.1%) 23 (19.5%) 0.8 [0.5;1.2] 108 (23.0%) 16 (31.4%) 1.5 [0.8;2.6]
Number of drugs, mean (SD) 582 5.0 (3.1) 6.1 (3.3) 4.6 (2.9) 5.4 (3.1) 1.1 [1.0;1.1] 4.6 (2.9) 6.6 (3.2) 1.2 [1.1;1.2]
Psychoactive drugs, n (%), ≥1 563 180 (32.0%) 27 (32.5%) 115 (30.7%) 38 (36.2%) 1.2 [0.8;1.8] 130 (30.0%) 23 (50.0%) 2.1 [1.2;3.8]
  1. SD: Standard deviation; HC: Home Care; NH: Nursing Home; IC95%: 95% confidence interval
  2. 1Perceived health, question: “In general, would you say that your health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or bad?. 2Death, prior to both HC/ NH outcomes. 3Fine–Gray regression model for the sub-distribution hazard