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Table 4 Relationship between demographic characteristics of family caregivers and their needs at four different times

From: Investigating the needs of family caregivers of older stroke patients: a longitudinal study in Iran

Variable No Stage Statistical Test
Admission time pre-discharge 2 weeks after discharge 12 weeks after discharge
Age 200 Correlation Coefficient 0.093 0.091 0.121 0.090 Spearman ‘s correlation coefficient
P_value 0.355 0.37 0.23 0.373
sex Female 140 Mean 49.91 49.85 52.11 52.89 Mann–Whitney
Male 60 Statistic value 51.88 52.02 46.75 42.92
0.32- 0.351- 0.85- 1.259-
P_value 0.748 0.725 0.396 0.308
Education Elementary 76 Mean of ranks 58.04 57.47 47.79 44.58 Kruskal–Wallis
High school 44 Statistic value
Statistic value
49.95 51.02 53.70 53.48
Diploma 52 34.72 45.17 48.69 55.75
Bachelor and above 28 41.61 40.64 56.18 52.14
5.189 3.951 1.247 2.72
P_value 0.158 0.175 0.742 0.436
Job Employee 80 Mean of ranks 44.96 44.64 42.55 41.77 Mann–Whitney
House wife 120 Statistic value 44.28 44.23 45.41 45.78
−0.119 −0.037 −0.49 −0.687
P_value 0.905 0.971 0.624 0.492
Relatives Daughter 130 Mean of ranks 48.24 37.78 35.67 37.46 Kruskal–Wallis
Son 50 35.4 35.68 36.04 34.94
husband 20 46.3 37.35 42.45 42.90
Statistic value 0.298 0.159 1.447 1.138
P_value 0.862 0.934 0.485 0.157
Residence with the elderly Yes 84 Mean of ranks 48.5 48.54 35.57 54.44 Mann–Whitney
No 116 51.85 51.92 48.28 47.65
Statistic value −0.603 - o.592 −0.904 −1.159
P_value 0.547 0.554 0.466 0.247
Marital status Single 32 Mean of ranks 45.62 45.78 49.22 48.03 Mann–Whitney
Married 166 50.84 50.81 50.15 50.38
Statistic value −0.684 −0.659 −0.119 − 0.3
P_value 0.494 0.51 0.905 0.764
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