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Table 2 Characteristics of nursing homes (adapted from Saal et al. 2019) [21]

From: Implementation of a complex intervention to improve participation in older people with joint contractures living in nursing homes: a process evaluation of a cluster-randomised pilot trial

  Intervention group Control group Total
Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster 5 Cluster 6 Cluster 7  
Study participants 9 20 11 24 24 23 18 129
Participants levels of care dependencya
 None 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
 Low 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
 Considerable 5 14 3 1 10 1 7 41
 Severe 4 6 6 8 11 9 7 51
 Most severe 0 0 1 15 3 13 2 34
Ownership b private private church-owned church-owned non-profit non-profit private  
Long-term care beds 40 107 171 165 48 128 115 774
Nursing home wards 3 4 4 6 2 4 6 29
Residents per ward 13 27 43 28 24 32 18 27
Prevalence of joint contractures c 0.40 0.96 0.19 0.21 0.50 0.31 0.60 0.28
Ratio of nursing staff to residents
 Skilled nurses and assistants 0.49 0.30 0.35 0.38 0.32 0.34 0.30 0.35
 Skilled nurses 0.28 0.16 0.19 0.20 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.19
Interprofessional case conferences d regularly occasionally regularly regularly regularly occasionally regularly  
Local environment e
 Park areas yes yes yes yes no yes yes  
 Stores (e.g. supermarket, drugstore) no yes yes yes no yes yes  
 Churches no no yes yes no yes yes  
 Coffee bars no yes yes yes no yes yes  
Environment promoting physical activityf no no yes yes yes yes yes  
Degree of urbanisation g rural urban urban suburban suburban urban suburban  
  1. aLevels of care dependency as assessed by expert raters from the medical service of the German statutory health insurance system
  2. bCategorisation of ownership = non-profit, private, state-owned, or church-owned
  3. cPrevalence estimated by the head nurse
  4. dCategorisation of the conduction of interprofessional case conferences = regularly, occasionally, or never
  5. eDefined as close to the nursing home within walking distance for the residents
  6. fDefined as movement-promoting architectural features in or outside the nursing home e.g. therapeutic garden, barrier-free walking circuits, handrails, wheelchair accessibility
  7. gDefined by degree of urbanisation acc. to the statistical office of the European office (Eurostat) = urban, suburban, or rural