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Table 5 Odds ratio of dementia in relation to higher availability of playgrounds and sport venues according to median annual family income

From: Effects of physical and social environments on the risk of dementia among Taiwanese older adults: a population-based case-control study

VariablesModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
Higher availability of playgrounds and sport venues/Lower median annual family incomea1.001.001.001.00
Higher availability of playgrounds and sport venues/ Medium median annual family incomea1.24* (1.05–1.46)1.20* (1.01–1.42)1.18 * (1.00–1.40)1.16 (0.98–1.39)
Higher availability of playgrounds and sport venues/ Higher median annual family incomea1.26* (1.04–1.52)1.16 (0.95–1.42)1.11 (0.90–1.36)1.08 (0.88–1.32)
  1. Model 1: Based on multilevel logistic regression and adjusted for illiterate people aged65, elderly living alone
  2. Model 2: Model 1+ parks and greeneries, community centers
  3. Model 3: Model 2+ individual variables (insurance premium, occupational status, and number of comorbidities)
  4. Model 4: Model 3+ hospitals and clinics, and urbanization status
  5. a Low: < 33%, Medium: 34–65%; High: ≥ 66%