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Table 6 Association between cluster of chronic conditions and one-time falls and recurrent falls according to multinomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for age and sex. Results presented as odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)

From: Association between chronic diseases and falls among a sample of older people in Finland

 VariableOR (95% CI)p-value
1 fall1 Low-chronicreference 
2 Elevated blood pressure0.87 (0.35–2.16)0.766
3 Coronary heart disease1.41 (0.53–3.76)0.492
4 Asthma0.73 (0.18–2.91)0.650
5 Hypothyroidism1.87 (0.62–5.66)0.268
6 Osteoporosis1.36 (0.55–3.37)0.512
7 Blood circulation problems in the legs0.75 (0.21–2.69)0.662
8 Multi-chronic0.60 (0.11–3.11)0.539
Age 65–74reference 
Age 75–844.96 (2.81–8.74)< 0.001
Age ≥ 853.12 (1.18–8.29)0.022
Gender (male)1.05 (0.62–1.78)0.871
2 or more falls1 Low-chronicreference 
2 Elevated blood pressure1.80 (0.35–9.13)0.480
3 Coronary heart disease4.93 (0.98–24.90)0.054
4 Asthma1.03 (0.09–11.60)0.984
5 Hypothyroidism2.60 (0.35–19.22)0.350
6 Osteoporosis5.65 (1.23–25.85)0.026
7 Blood circulation problems in the legs3.12 (0.50–19.37)0.223
8 Multi-chronic13.42 (2.47–72.96)0.003
Age 65–74reference 
Age 75–841.186 (0.559–2.515)0.657
Age ≥ 853.076 (1.245–7.600)0.015
Gender (male)1.072 (0.547–2.101)0.839
  1. In the multinomial regression, the reference group is non-fallers and the 2 comparison groups are persons with 1 fall and persons with 2 or more falls. Low-chronic group, age group 65–74 and female gender are used as reference groups