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Table 5 Study group characteristics by cluster

From: Association between chronic diseases and falls among a sample of older people in Finland

Cluster12345678Total
LabelLow chronic diseaseElevated blood pressureCoronary artery diseaseAsthmaHypothyroidismOsteoporosisBlood circulation problems in legsMultiple chronic disease 
Age
 65–7481.9%60.8%45.0%78.1%67.8%59.7%60.6%21.9%62.4%
 75–8415.2%33.9%44.0%17.2%27.1%30.7%33.3%53.1%30.4%
 ≥ 852.9%5.3%11.0%4.7%5.1%9.7%6.1%25.0%7.2%
BMI
 < 202.9%0.9%3.1%1.6%1.8%4.6%1.6%0.0%2.4%
 20–24,938.0%30.1%29.6%44.4%26.3%38.2%38.1%28.1%34.3%
 25–29,950.4%48.4%50.0%31.7%54.4%35.3%39.7%31.3%44.1%
 > 308.8%20.5%17.3%22.2%17.5%22.0%20.6%40.6%19.2%
Daily activity
 < 1 h13.1%15.7%20.6%20.6%17.2%18.6%6.3%32.3%16.8%
 1–2 h25.5%38.6%29.9%31.7%43.1%33.1%35.9%32.3%33.7%
 > 2 h61.3%45.7%49.5%47.6%39.7%48.3%57.8%35.5%49.5%
Urinary incontinence0.7%8.4%25.0%15.6%33.9%61.9%10.6%75.0%24.9%
Dizziness0.0%15.0%26.0%17.2%8.5%62.5%30.3%71.9%26.6%
SOF-index
 Robust84.2%65.4%60.4%75.0%72.7%62.2%72.7%33.3%67.9%
 Intermediate13.5%25.1%30.8%21.9%20.0%28.7%21.2%30.0%23.8%
 Frail2.3%9.5%8.8%3.1%7.3%9.1%6.1%36.7%8.2%
MNA Index
 Malnutrition0.9%1.6%0.0%2.4%0.0%1.0%2.4%0.0%1.1%
 Risk of maln.7.0%12.5%6.1%19.0%9.4%23.0%14.3%42.1%14.3%
 Normal nutr.92.1%85.9%93.9%78.6%90.6%76.0%83.3%57.9%84.6%
  1. Percentages among the clusters. BMI Body Mass Index, SOF SOF Frailty Index (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures), MNA Mini Nutritional Assessment. Highlighted values represent conditions with higher prevalence in the cluster than in the total sample