Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of diagnosed diseases among fallers and non-fallers

From: Association between chronic diseases and falls among a sample of older people in Finland

 All
n = 872
Non-fallers
n = 756
One-time fallers
n = 71
Recurrent fallers
n = 45
P-value
Number of diseases*2.0 (2.0–3.0)2 (1.0–3.0)3 (1–3.3)4 (2.0–5.0)< 0.001*
At least one of the stated diseases712 (83.6%)611 (80.8%)61 (85.9%)40 (88.8%)0.681
Diabetes218 (25.6%)180 (23.8%)21 (23.9%)17 (37.8%)0.058
Rheumatoid arthritis37 (4.3%)27 (3.6%)5 (7.0%)5 (11.1%)0.022
Coronary heart disease161 (18.9%)131 (17.3%)17 (23.9%)13 (28.9%)0.062
Elevated blood pressure417 (49.2%)362 (47.9%)32 (45.1%)23 (51.1%)0.72
Blood circulation problems in the brain57 (6.7%)43 (5.7%)4 (5.6%)10 (22.2%)< 0.001
Blood circulation problems in the legs138 (16.2%)109 (14.4%)14 (19.7%)15 (33.3%)0.002
hypothyroidism109 (12.8%)93 (12.3%)10 (14.1%)6 (13.3%)0.898
Cancer71 (8.4%)58 (7.7%)8 (11.3%)5 (11.1%)0.432
Asthma102 (12.0%)86 (11.4%)8 (11.3%)8 (17.8%)0.388
COPD32 (3.8%)28 (3.7%)3 (4.2%)1 (2.2%)0.861
Cardiac failure81 (9.5%)62 (8.2%)8 (11.3%)11 (24.4%)0.001
Osteoporosis62 (7.3%)46 (6.1%)8 (11.3%)8 (17.8%)0.004
Parkinson’s disease11 (1.3%)5 (0.7%)2 (2.8%)4 (8.9%)< 0.001
Moderate or severe cognitive impairment23 (2.7%)14 (1.9%)3 (4.2%)6 (13.3%)< 0.001
Mild cognitive impairment106 (12.5%)78 (10.3%)16 (22.5%)12 (26.7%)< 0.001
Depression41 (4.8%)24 (3.2%)7 (9.9%)10 (26.7%)< 0.001
Other disease108 (12.7%)90 (11.9%)9 (12.7%)9 (20.0%)0.245
Liver disease5 (0.6%)5 (0.7%)0 (0%)0 (0%)0.681
Kidney disease15 (1.8%)11 (1.5%)1 (1.4%)3 (7%)0.028
Eating disorder4 (0.5%)3 (0.4%)0 (0.0%)1 (2.3%)0.168
Other mental disorder7 (0.8%)6 (0.8%)1 (1.4%)0 (0.0%)0.714
Urinary incontinence215 (25.2%)166 (22.0%)25 (35.2%)24 (55.8%)< 0.001
Dizziness226 (26.7%)176 (24.0%)25 (35.2%)25 (56.8%)< 0.001
  1. Values are numbers (%), or medians (interquartile range, IQR), COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  2. * Kruskal-Wallis. Mean number of diseases (standard deviation): non-fallers 2.17 (1.95), one-time fallers 2.74 (2.18), recurrent fallers 4.14 (2.52)