Skip to main content

Table 1 Study population characteristics

From: Association between chronic diseases and falls among a sample of older people in Finland

Variable Non-faller (n = 756)One-time faller (n = 71)Recurrent faller (n = 45)All (n = 872)p-value
Agea 72.7 (6.5)76.6 (6.9)76.0 (8.2)73.2 (6.7)< 0.001
GenderMale319 (42.2%)30 (42.3%)20 (44.4%)359 (43.4%)0.957
Female437 (57.8%)41 (57.7%)25 (55.6%)503 (57.7%) 
BMI 26.7 (4.7)27.3 (4.0)27.1 (6.0)26.8 (4.7)0.584
BMI< 2016 (2.2%)2 (3.0%)4 (9.1%)22 (2.6%)0.067
20–24.9267 (36%)17 (25.4%)13 (29.5%)297 (34.8%) 
25–29.9323 (43.5%)34 (50.7%)17 (38.6%)374 (43.8%) 
> 30136 (18.3%)14 (20.9%)10 (22.7%)160 (18.8%) 
Alcohol useNo alcohol337 (46.6%)42 (63.6%)21 (48.8%)400 (48%)0.153
Light255 (35.3%)17 (25.8%)12 (28%)284 (34%) 
Moderate104 (14.4%)6 (9.1%)9 (21%)119 (14%) 
Heavy27 (3.7%)1 (1.5%)1 (2%)29 (3%) 
Physical activity, daily hours< 1 h113 (15.2%)14 (19.7%)12 (27.9%)139 (16%)0.076
1–2 h247 (33.2%)25 (35.2%)17 (39.5%)289 (34%) 
> 2 h383 (51.5%)32 (45.1%)14 (32.6%)429 (50%) 
Current smoker (> 1 cigarettes per day)63 (8.5%)1 (1.4%)5 (12%)69 (8%)0.079
Sleep quality: Poor52 (7.1%)8 (12.5%)8 (19.5%)68 (8%)0.036
Ability to rise from a chair without using hands636 (86.2%)54 (79.4%)17 (39.5%)707 (80%)< 0.001
SOF-index (frailty)Robust509 (71.0%)38 (57.6%)14 (35%)561 (68%)< 0.001
Intermediate167 (23.3%)23 (34.8%)10 (25%)200 (24%) 
Frail41 (5.7%)5 (7.6%)16 (40%)62 (8%) 
MNAMalnutrition6 (1.3%)0 (0.0%)0 (0%)6 (1%)0.005
Risk of malnutrition58 (12.3%)9 (22.5%)9 (37.5%)76 (14%) 
Normal nutrition406 (86.4%)31 (77.5%)15 (62.5%)452 (85%) 
  1. Values are numbers (percentage of number of participants having data on the variable in question) or means (standard deviation)
  2. BMI Body mass index, SOF SOF Frailty Index (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures), MNA Mini Nutritional Assessment
  3. aMedian age (interquartile range, IQR): non-fallers 71 years (68–77), one-time fallers 78 (71–82), recurrent fallers 73 years (68–83)