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Table 2 Logistic regression results of disability and functional health with elder abuse, BKPAI, 2011

From: Association of functional limitations and disability with elder abuse in India: a cross-sectional study

CharacteristicsAbused since 60 years oldAbused in last one month
 OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
ADL
 No ADLRefRef
 1 ADL1.00[0.61, 1.64]0.66 [0.26, 1.65]
 2 + ADL1.31*[0.96, 1.80]1.83**[1.12, 2.99]
IADL
 No IADLRefRef
 1 IADL1.28 [0.94, 1.74]1.92***[1.21, 3.06]
 2 + IADL1.40**[1.07, 1.83]2.20***[1.46, 3.31]
Disability
 No disabilityRefRef
 1 disability1.93***[1.59, 2.34]2.34***[1.75, 3.13]
 2 + disability2.47***[1.90, 3.21]2.35***[1.56, 3.53]
Age
 60–69RefRef
 70–790.9 [0.75, 1.07]0.77*[0.59, 1.01]
 80+1.14[0.89, 1.45]0.97[0.66, 1.43]
Sex
 MaleRefRef
 Female0.93[0.78, 1.10]0.99[0.76, 1.29]
Marital status
 MarriedRefRef
 Others1.24**[1.05, 1.48]1.19[0.91, 1.55]
Residence
 RuralRefRef
 Urban0.94[0.79, 1.11]1.08[0.83, 1.39]
Caste
 SC/STRefRef
 OBC1.01[0.81, 1.25]0.80 [0.58, 1.11]
 Others1.37***[1.13, 1.66]1.47*** [1.10, 1.97]
Religion
 HinduRefRef
 Muslim0.95[0.69, 1.30]0.95[0.63, 1.43]
 Sikh1.42*[0.98, 2.03]0.67[0.15, 2.94]
 Others1.08[0.74, 1.58]0.98[0.61, 1.57]
Schooling
 0–4 yearsRefRef
 5–9 years0.89[0.72, 1.10]0.78[0.57, 1.07]
 10+ years0.64***[0.48, 0.86]0.59**[0.37, 0.94]
Wealth quintile
 PoorestRefRef
 Second0.64***[0.52, 0.80]0.59***[0.44, 0.79]
 Middle0.43***[0.34, 0.56]0.39***[0.27, 0.56]
 Fourth0.35***[0.27, 0.46]0.34***[0.23, 0.50]
 Richest0.30***[0.22, 0.40]0.29***[0.18, 0.48]
State
 Himachal PradeshRefRef
 Punjab0.87[0.62, 1.24]0.28*[0.07, 1.03]
 West Bengal0.52***[0.38, 0.71]1.48[0.82, 2.68]
 Orissa0.55***[0.41, 0.74]0.83[0 .43, 1.59]
 Maharashtra3.71***[2.93, 4.69]23.45***[14.32, 38.40]
 Kerala0.41***[0.28, 0.61]1.01[0.47, 2.15]
 Tamil Nadu0.15***[0.09, 0.24]0.43* [0.18, 1.02]
  1. OR Odds Ratio, Ref reference; ***Significant at p < .001, **Significant at p < .005, *Significant at p < .01