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Table 3 Estimated coefficients and 95% confidence interval for fixed effects models on the association of hearing loss and MMSE scores, 2011/12–2014

From: Hearing loss and cognitive function among Chinese older adults: the role of participation in leisure activities

Variables Adjusted models Adjusted models + activity engagement Adjusted models+ interaction for HL and activity engagement
Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
Self-reported HL −0.81(−1.22, −0.39) −0.79(−1.31,-0.27) −0.85(−1.49,-0.21) −0.82(−1.23, −0.41) −0.82(−1.33, −0.30) −0.84(−1.47, −0.21) −1.45(−2.17,-0.73) −1.85(−2.80,-0.89) −1.15(−2.23,-0.08)
 Activity engagement     0.09(0.06, 0.13) 0.08(0.04,0.12) 0.11(0.05,0.17) 0.07(0.03–0.11) 0.05(−0.001,0.09) 0.10(0.03,0.17)
Interaction
 Activity engagement*HL        0.06(0.003,0.11) 0.09(0.02,0.16) 0.03(−0.05,0.12)
 Covariates Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Constant 26.77 27.61 26.04 25.75 26.62 24.95 26.04 27.03 25.10
Observations 7942 3735 4207 7942 3735 4207 7942 3735 4207