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Table 2 Odds ratio and 95% confidence interval for fixed effects models on the association between hearing loss and cognitive decline during 2011 to 2014

From: Hearing loss and cognitive function among Chinese older adults: the role of participation in leisure activities

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Self-reported HL 1.87(1.28,2.74) 2.48(1.22,5.06) 2.90(0.75,11.29) 2.84(1.00,8.13)
 Ever smoking   0.54(0.08,3.68) 0.57(0.08,4.09) 0.50(0.07,3.46)
 Current smoking   0.45(0.08,2.49) 0.45(0.08,2.49) 0.41(0.07,2.26)
 Ever drinking   4.56(0.92,22.60) 4.44(0.89,22.20) 3.96(0.78,20.13)
 Current drinking   0.21(0.05,0.89) 0.21(0.05,0.88) 0.18(0.04,0.82)
 Poor self-reported health   2.17(0.93,5.08) 2.15(0.92,5.04) 2.09(0.88,5.01)
 Hypertension   0.53(0.25,1.09) 0.52(0.25,1.08) 0.51(0.24,1.07)
 Diabetes   0.77(0.34,1.75) 0.77(0.34,1.77) 0.78(0.34,1.78)
 Self-reported HI * female    0.80(0.16,3.92)  
 Self-reported HI * activity engagement     0.98(0.88,1.09)
 Year 1.69(1.38,2.07) 1.91(1.26,2.90) 1.90(1.25,2.89) 1.78(1.15,2.74)
Observation 830 266 266 266