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Table 2 Associations between generalised pruritus and selected systemic factors

From: Self-reported generalised pruritus among community-dwelling older adults in Malaysia

Factors Generalised pruritus Total χ2 p-value Unadjusted Odds Ratio (OR) 95% Confidence interval
Yes No Lower Upper
Age 0.880 0.997 0.961 1.035
Gender
 Male 14 (30.43%) 317 (43.78%) 331 3.145 0.076 0.562 0.295 1.071
 Female 32 (69.57%) 407 (56.22%) 439      
Heart disease        1.046 1.084
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 15 (2.07%) 15 0.972 1.000 1.065   
 No 46 (100%) 709 (97.93%) 755      
Hypertension
 Yes 28 (60.87%) 465 (64.23%) 493 0.212 0.646 0.866 0.470 1.597
 No 18 (39.13%) 259 (35.77%) 277      
Dyslipidaemia
 Yes 34 (73.91%) 539 (74.45%) 573 0.006 0.936 0.972 0.493 1.918
 No 12 (26.09%) 185 (25.55%) 197      
Malignancy
 Yes 3 (6.52%) 28 (3.87%) 31 0.789 0.423 1.734 0.507 5.932
 No 43 (93.48%) 696 (96.13%) 739      
Parkinson
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 4 (0 .55%) 4 0.255 1.000 1.064 1.045 1.083
 No 46 (100%) 720 (99.45%) 766      
Depression
 Yes 1 (2.17%) 17 (2.35%) 18 0.006 1.000 0.924 0.120 7.102
 No 45 (97.83%) 707 (97.65%) 752      
Anxiety
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 15 (2.07%) 15 0.972 1.000 1.065 1.046 1.084
 No 46 (100.0%) 709 (97.93%) 755      
Diabetes mellitus
 Yes 26 (56.52%) 330 (45.58%) 356 2.083 0.149 1.522 0.851 2.831
 No 20 (43.48%) 394 (54.42%) 414      
Chronic kidney disease
 Yes 5 (10.87%) 83 (12.15%) 88 0.015 0.902 0.942 0.362 2.450
 No 41 (89.13%) 641 (87.85%) 682      
Thyroid disease 2 (4.35%) 39 (5.39%) 41 0.093 1.000 0.798 0.187 3.415
 Yes 44 (95.65%) 685 (94.61%) 729      
 No         
Liver disease
 Yes 1 (2.17%) 12 (1.66%) 13 0.070 0.554 1.319 0.168 10.367
 No 45 (97.83%) 712 (98.34%) 757      
Gout
 Yes 6 (13.04%) 52 (7.18%) 58 2.133 0.148 1.938 0.786 4.783
 No 40 (86.96%) 672 (92.82%) 712      
Hyperuricemia
 Yes 7 (15.22%) 103 (14.23%) 110 0.035 0.852 1.082 0.471 2.484
 No 39 (84.78%) 621 (85.77%) 660      
Alcohol intake
 Yes 15 (32.61%) 239 (33.01%) 254 0.003 0.955 0.982 0.520 1.854
 No 31 (67.39%) 485 (66.99%) 516      
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) = CKD stage 3 and above based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or self-reported CKD