Skip to main content

Table 1 The baseline characteristics of the four-level composite frailty scoring system

From: Predicting non-elective hospital readmission or death using a composite assessment of cognitive and physical frailty in elderly inpatients with cardiovascular disease

  RP
(n = 348)
CI
(n = 64)
PF
(n = 86)
CF
(n = 44)
P value
Age (year) 73.33 ± 5.73 78.87 ± 6.21* 76.62 ± 6.73* 81.65 ± 5.34* < 0.001a
Women 156 (44.8%) 35 (54.7%) 43 (50.0%) 29 (65.9%) < 0.05b
Non-married 44 (12.6%) 21 (32.8%)* 16 (18.6%) 15 (34.1%)* < 0.001b
Education (year) 11.89 ± 3.65 8.55 ± 4.9* 12.06 ± 3.54 7.07 ± 4.78* < 0.001a
BMI (kg/m2) 25.28 ± 3.31 25.41 ± 3.61 25.58 ± 3.43 24.07 ± 3.23 0.095a
Smoke 123 (35.3%) 17 (26.6%) 20 (23.3%) 13 (29.5%) 0.125b
Alcohol intake 130 (37.4%) 16 (25.0%) 20 (23.3%) 8 (18.2%) < 0.05b
Hypertension 248 (71.5%) 50 (79.4%) 61 (70.9%) 36 (81.8%) 0.303b
CAD 197 (56.6%) 36 (56.0%) 48 (55.8%) 21 (44.7%) 0.749b
AF 61 (17.6%) 20 (31.7%) 23 (26.7%) 16 (36.5%) < 0.05b
HF 26 (7.5%) 13 (20.6%) 17 (19.8%) 10 (22.7%) < 0.001b
DM 106 (30.5%) 25 (39.7%) 40 (46.5%) 17 (38.6%) < 0.05b
History of stroke 45 (13.0%) 13 (20.6%) 17 (19.8%) 15 (34.1%)* < 0.05b
SPPB< 10 188 (54.0%) 55 (85.9%)* 78 (90.7%)* 41 (93.2%)* < 0.001b
MNA-SF(< 12) 86 (24.7%) 20 (31.2%) 44 (51.2%)* 23 (52.3%)* < 0.001b
MMSE 28.32 ± 1.56 22.14 ± 4.43* 28.06 ± 1.57 19.48 ± 5.64*†‡ < 0.001a
CDT (Incorrect) 77 (22.1%) 52 (82.5%)* 22 (25.6%) 36 (81.8%)* < 0.001b
PA (mg/dl) 25.31 ± 5.84 23.64 ± 5.10 22.71 ± 5.08* 19.82 ± 5.60* < 0.001a
FT3 (pg/ml) 3.17 ± 0.39 3.06 ± 0.45 2.96 ± 0.36* 2.87 ± 0.36* < 0.001a
  1. Values are showed as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. aOne-way analysis of variance
  3. bChi square test
  4. RP robust patients, CI cognitive impairment, PF physical frailty, CF cognitive frailty, BMI body mass index, CAD coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, AF atrial fibrillation, HF heart failure, DM diabetes mellitus, SPPB short physical performance battery, MNA-SF mini nutritional assessment-short form, MMSE mini-mental state examination, CDT clock drawing test, PA prealbumin, FT3 free triiodothyronine
  5. *P < 0.001 compared with RP
  6. P < 0.001 compared with CI
  7. P < 0.001 compared with PF