Skip to main content

Table 1 The baseline characteristics of the four-level composite frailty scoring system

From: Predicting non-elective hospital readmission or death using a composite assessment of cognitive and physical frailty in elderly inpatients with cardiovascular disease

 

RP

(n = 348)

CI

(n = 64)

PF

(n = 86)

CF

(n = 44)

P value

Age (year)

73.33 ± 5.73

78.87 ± 6.21*

76.62 ± 6.73*

81.65 ± 5.34*

< 0.001a

Women

156 (44.8%)

35 (54.7%)

43 (50.0%)

29 (65.9%)

< 0.05b

Non-married

44 (12.6%)

21 (32.8%)*

16 (18.6%)

15 (34.1%)*

< 0.001b

Education (year)

11.89 ± 3.65

8.55 ± 4.9*

12.06 ± 3.54

7.07 ± 4.78*

< 0.001a

BMI (kg/m2)

25.28 ± 3.31

25.41 ± 3.61

25.58 ± 3.43

24.07 ± 3.23

0.095a

Smoke

123 (35.3%)

17 (26.6%)

20 (23.3%)

13 (29.5%)

0.125b

Alcohol intake

130 (37.4%)

16 (25.0%)

20 (23.3%)

8 (18.2%)

< 0.05b

Hypertension

248 (71.5%)

50 (79.4%)

61 (70.9%)

36 (81.8%)

0.303b

CAD

197 (56.6%)

36 (56.0%)

48 (55.8%)

21 (44.7%)

0.749b

AF

61 (17.6%)

20 (31.7%)

23 (26.7%)

16 (36.5%)

< 0.05b

HF

26 (7.5%)

13 (20.6%)

17 (19.8%)

10 (22.7%)

< 0.001b

DM

106 (30.5%)

25 (39.7%)

40 (46.5%)

17 (38.6%)

< 0.05b

History of stroke

45 (13.0%)

13 (20.6%)

17 (19.8%)

15 (34.1%)*

< 0.05b

SPPB< 10

188 (54.0%)

55 (85.9%)*

78 (90.7%)*

41 (93.2%)*

< 0.001b

MNA-SF(< 12)

86 (24.7%)

20 (31.2%)

44 (51.2%)*

23 (52.3%)*

< 0.001b

MMSE

28.32 ± 1.56

22.14 ± 4.43*

28.06 ± 1.57

19.48 ± 5.64*†‡

< 0.001a

CDT (Incorrect)

77 (22.1%)

52 (82.5%)*

22 (25.6%)

36 (81.8%)*

< 0.001b

PA (mg/dl)

25.31 ± 5.84

23.64 ± 5.10

22.71 ± 5.08*

19.82 ± 5.60*

< 0.001a

FT3 (pg/ml)

3.17 ± 0.39

3.06 ± 0.45

2.96 ± 0.36*

2.87 ± 0.36*

< 0.001a

  1. Values are showed as mean ± standard deviation or n (%)
  2. aOne-way analysis of variance
  3. bChi square test
  4. RP robust patients, CI cognitive impairment, PF physical frailty, CF cognitive frailty, BMI body mass index, CAD coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, AF atrial fibrillation, HF heart failure, DM diabetes mellitus, SPPB short physical performance battery, MNA-SF mini nutritional assessment-short form, MMSE mini-mental state examination, CDT clock drawing test, PA prealbumin, FT3 free triiodothyronine
  5. *P < 0.001 compared with RP
  6. P < 0.001 compared with CI
  7. P < 0.001 compared with PF