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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants: relatives (N = 296) and older people (N = 296)

From: Factors associated with health-related quality of life and burden on relatives of older people with multi-morbidity: a dyadic data study

Characteristics Relatives Older people
mean sd mean sd
Age 66.7 13.8 82.5 4.7
n % n %
Female 198 66.9 139 47.0
Male 89 30.1 157 53.0
Relative’s relationship to the older person
 Spouse/partner (wife 73%, husband 27%) 140 48.3
 Child (daughter 60%, son 40%) 132 45.5
 Other 18 6.3
Single 41 14.3 136 46.3
Higher education (upper secondary school or university) 130 44.8 59 19.9
Main occupation a
 Employed or self–employed work, studying 103 34.9
 Retired (due to age) 178 60.3
 Other 28 9.6
Relative cohabiting with older person 138 47.6
Older person living alone 135 45.9
Most common medical diagnosis of the older person b
 Circulatory 284 95.9
 Musculoskeletal 233 78.7
 Psychiatric 102 34.5
  1. Note: sd = standard deviation; n = number; % = valid percent
  2. a. Multiple responses possible, b. All had at least three concomitant medical diagnoses