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Table 2 MSAS symptom burden score of older people who reported the symptom as present during the preceding week

From: Symptom management strategies used by older community-dwelling people with multimorbidity and a high symptom burden - a qualitative study

Symptom Number of participants who reported the symptom
n = 20
Symptom burden score range 0.90–4.0 (±SD)
Lack of energy 18 2.8 (±0.75)
Pain 17 2.9 (±0.62)
Dry mouth 16 2.7 (±0.92)
Feeling drowsy 14 2.1 (±0.67)
Difficulty sleeping 13 3.0 (±0.80)
Worrying 11 2.7 (±0.92)
Swelling of arms or legs 11 2.4 (±1.19)
Numbness/tingling in hands/feet 10 2.8 (±0.55)
Feeling bloated 10 3.0 (±0.47)
Shortness of breath 10 3.7 (±0.55)
Dizziness 10 2.2 (±0.81)
Problems with urination 9 2.8 (±0.82)
Feeling sad 8 3.0 (±0.65)
Cough 8 2.2 (±0.74)
Lack of appetite 7 2.3 (±0.64)
Feeling irritable 7 2.1 (±0.79)
Itching 6 2.4 (±1.10)
Feeling nervous 6 2.9 (±0.98)
Difficulty concentrating 6 2.6 (±0.61)
Diarrhoea 5 2.8 (±0.58)
“I don’t look like myself” 5 2.7 (±0.97)
Sweats 4 1.8 (±0.57)
Difficulty swallowing 4 3.0 (±0.98)
Mouth sores 4 2.5 (±0.71)
Changes in skin 4 1.3 (±1.14)
Constipation 4 2.2 (±0.91)
Problems with sexual interest/activity 3 2.0 (±0.91)
Weight loss 3 1.6 (±1.21)
Nausea 3 1.8 (±0.38)
Change in the way food tastes 2 3.0 (±1.41)
Hair loss 2 3.8 (±0.35)
Vomiting 0   
  1. The MSAS symptom burden score is the mean score of the three dimensions: frequency, severity and distress (range 0–4.0)