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Table 2 Risk factors for frailty, determined using binary logistic regression analysis

From: Low serum albumin, aspartate aminotransferase, and body mass are risk factors for frailty in elderly people with diabetes–a cross-sectional study

VariablesBefore adjustmentAfter adjustment
OR (95%CI)P valuesOR (95%CI)P values
Age  75 years2.74 (1.35–5.56)0.0050.97 (0.36–2.63)0.956
Body mass < 53 kgb3.03 (1.52–6.05)0.0023.85 (1.35–10.99)0.012
SBP 135 mmHg0.69 (0.35–1.34)0.2700.56 (0.23–1.32)0.184
RBC < 400 × 104/μL2.06 (1.04–4.08)0.0370.28 (0.08–1.03)0.055
Hemoglobin < 13 g/dLa2.87 (1.42–5.79)0.0032.72 (0.76–9.67)0.122
Albumin < 4.0 g/dLa6.50 (3.10–13.59)< 0.0015.79 (2.20–15.26)< 0.001
AST < 25 IU/La2.40 (1.18–4.88)0.0164.34 (1.43–13.17)0.009
ALT < 22 IU/La1.46 (0.71–2.99)0.3040.38 (0.12–1.27)0.188
eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m25.06 (1.83–13.98)0.0022.92 (0.83–10.27)0.094
HDL-C < 40 mg/dL3.44 (1.45–8.20)0.0050.97 (0.86–8.83)0.089
Calcium 9.4 mg/dLa1.25 (0.64–2.45)0.5151.00 (0.41–2.45)0.996
DHEA-S < 70 μg/dLa2.78 (1.33–5.71)0.0072.19 (0.91–5.22)0.081
Cortisol 9.5 μg/dLa1.75 (0.90–3.42)0.1001.75 (0.90–3.42)0.100
Ratio Cortisol / DHEA-S  0.22.55 (1.27–5.10)0.008Not apply 
  1. The chi-square value was 9.917 for the Hosmer-Lemeshow test (p = 0.271). aThe mean value was used. bThe median value was used. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, DHEA-S dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate