Skip to main content

Table 2 FRAX variables for men and women at baseline and according to frailty status at 15-year follow-up. Values reported as means ±SD, median (IQR), or n (%)

From: The association between a fracture risk tool and frailty: Geelong Osteoporosis Study

 ALLFrailPre-frailRobustp-value
WomenN = 302N = 46N = 168N = 88 
Age (yr)53 (48–73)62 (53–67)53 (47–60)51 (47–56) 0.001
Weight (kg)70.8 ± 13.171.7 ± 13.371.2 ± 13.269.6 ± 12.90.583
Height (cm)161.3 ± 6.0159.3 ± 5.2161.3 ± 6.0162.4 ± 6.10.018
Prior Fracture31 (10.3)11 (24.0)13 (7.7)7 (8.0)0.004
Parental hip fracture18 (6.0)4 (8.7)10 (6.0)4 (4.5)0.629
Smoking33 (10.9)3 (6.5)22 (13.1)8 (9.1)0.362
Glucocorticoids2 (0.6)1 (2.2)1 (0.6)0 (0)a
Rheumatoid Arthritis24 (7.9)8 (17.4)14 (8.3)2 (2.3)0.009
Secondary Osteoporosis36 (11.9)4 (8.7)25 (14.9)7 (8.0)0.204
Alcohol2 (0.7)0 (0)0 (0)2 (2.3)a
BMDb (g/cm2)0.928 ± 0.1460.876 ± 0.1500.933 ± 0.1530.946 ± 0.1240.025
MenN = 302N = 46N = 158N = 98 
Age (years)57 (52–65)68 (60–76)57 (66–52)54 (51–59) 0.001
Weight (kg)83.7 ± 12.787.3 ± 12.983.0 ± 13.083.3 ± 11.90.108
Height (cm)174.5 ± 6.4173.7 ± 7.2174.4 ± 6.1175.0 ± 6.40.496
Prior Fracture49 (16.2)6 (13.0)29 (18.4)14 (14.3)0.565
Parental hip fracture23 (7.6)3 (6.5)15 (9.5)5 (5.1)0.417
Smoking31 (10.3)3 (6.5)17 (5.6)11 (11.2)0.657
Glucocorticoids1 (0.3)0 (0)1 (0.6)0 (0)a
Rheumatoid Arthritis7 (2.3)1 (2.2)6 (3.8)0 (0)0.145
Secondary Osteoporosis4 (1.3)0 (0)4 (14.9)0 (0)a
Alcohol82 (27.2)12 (26.1)44 (27.8)26 (26.5)0.959
BMD (g/cm2)0.982 ± 0.1271.016 ± 0.1500.962 ± 0.1161.000 ± 0.1270.009
  1. aToo few to conduct statistical analysis
  2. b Bone mineral density (BMD)