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Table 2 Comparative results of the use of resources between institutionalized and non-institutionalized men and women. Year 2017

From: What lies beneath: a retrospective, population-based cohort study investigating clinical and resource-use characteristics of institutionalized older people in Catalonia

HEALTH RESOURCE USEIOPnon-IOP 
MenWomenOverallMenWomenOverallPa
Visits to primary careMean (SD)13.74 (15.5)11.76 (13.3)12.26 (14.0)11.78 (13.7)12.44 (11.7)12.15 (11.7)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)9 (4–18)8 (3–16)8 (3–16)9 (4–15)8 (4–16)9 (4–16)
Admissions to acute care hospitals (%)63.0341.5847.5632.1324.1927.66< 0.0001
Urgent admissions to acute care hospitals (%)52.3135.7240.3416.4511.4113.61< 0.0001
Patients with > 1 urgent admission to hospital (%)11.797.053.553.302.052.34< 0.0001
Length of hospital stay (days)Mean (SD)4.20 (9.9)2.62 (7.3)3.06 (8.1)1.67 (7.0)1.08 (5.2)1.34 (6.1)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)0 (0–4)0 (0–1)0 (0–1)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)
Length of hospital stay (only acute care hospitals) (days)Mean (SD)11.24 (13 (4)9.41 (11.2)10.03 (12.1)8.14 (13.7)6.34 (11.2)7.21 (12.5)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)7 (3–15)6 (2–12)7 (2–13)4 (0–10)2 (0–8)3 (0–9)
Length of hospital stay for urgent admissions (days) (over all admissions)Mean (SD)3.73 (9.0)2.40 (6.8)2.77 (7.5)1.25 (5.9)0.83 (4.5)1.01 (5.1)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)0 (0–3)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)0 (0–0)
Length of hospital stay for urgent admissions (days) (over urgent admissions)Mean (SD)11.39 (12.6)9.66 (10.7)10.24 (11.4)11.28 (14.0)9.99 (12.2)10.65 (13.2)< 0.0001 | 0.286 b
Median (IQR)8 (3–15)7 (3–12)7 (3–13)7 (3–14)7(3–12)7(3–13)
Admissions to emergency servicesMean (SD)1.21 (1.7)0.89 (1.4)0.89 (1.5)0.60 (1.3)0.56 (1.2)0.58 (1.3)0.006 | < 0.0001 b
Median (IQR)1 (0–2)0 (0–1)0 (0–1)0 (0–1)0 (0–1)0 (0–1)
Visits to specialized hospital careMean (SD)2.18 (3.8)1.45 (2.9)1.65 (3.2)3.44 (5.1)2.95 (4.5)3.17 (4.7)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)1 (0–3)0 (0–2)0 (0–2)2 (0–5)1 (0–4)1 (0–4)
Visits to outpatient mental health services (%)14.228.9910.454.999.437.48< 0.0001
Admissions to nursing skilled facilities (%)34.9724.9927.777.697.217.42< 0.0001
Dispensed medicines (No. of packages)Mean (SD)93.98 (79.9)90.37 (67.3)91.38 (71.1)56.52 (65.3)56.15 (56.7)56.31(60.6)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)82 (49–122)80 (47–119)81 (47 (120)43 (17–78)44 (18–80)44 (17–79)
Prescribed medicines (different active ingredients)Mean (SD)12.07 (5.5)11.60 (5.5)11.73 (5.5)7.63 (5.6)8.24 (5.6)7.97 (5.6)< 0.0001
Median (IQR)12 (8–15)11 (8–15)11 (8–15)7 (3–11)8 (4–12)7 (4–11)
  1. a Categorical variables were compared using a ANOVA test, whereas continuous variables were compared using the U Mann-Whitney test. Unless otherwise specified, the p-value corresponds to both, man/woman and IOP/non-IOP comparisons
  2. bp-values correspond to man/woman | IOP/non-IOP
  3. IOP Institutionalized Older People. non-IOP Non-Institutionalized Older People. IQR Interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles). SD standard deviation