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Table 1 Comparative results of demographic, morbidity and mortality characteristics between institutionalized (IOP) and non-institutionalized older people (non-IOP). Years 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2017

From: What lies beneath: a retrospective, population-based cohort study investigating clinical and resource-use characteristics of institutionalized older people in Catalonia

 2011201320152017
IOPn-IOPpIOPn-IOPpIOPn-IOPpIOPn-IOPp
No. of cases93,0381,258,20478,4581,320,726 68,5451,367,075 67,4561,405,167 
Percentage6.993.15.694.44.895.24.695.4
Age (years)Mean (SD)82.02 (8.4)75.59 (7.6)< 0.0001a83.75 (8.0)75.56 (7.7)< 0.0001 a85.08 (7.8)75.64 (7.8)< 0.0001 a85.95 (7.6)75.67 (7.8)< 0.0001 a
Median (IQR)83 (76–88)75 (69–81)85 (79–90)76 (70–82)86 (81–91)74 (69–81)87 (82–91)74 (69–81)
SexMen (%)31.3643.25< 0.000129.2943.52< 0.000128.4843.57< 0.000127.8943.71< 0.0001
Women (%)68.6456.7570.9156.4871.5256.4372.1156.29
Deaths (%)11.743.10< 0.000114.13.40< 0.000118.23.24< 0.000120.463.13< 0.0001
MORBIDITY
 Diabetes (%)31.426.04< 0.000129.6824.75< 0.000130.7725.28< 0.000132.1525.75< 0.0001
 Heart failure (%)18.29.38< 0.000121.499.43< 0.000125.810.26< 0.000128.7310.74< 0.0001
 COPD (%)17.7813.78< 0.000118.0013.27< 0.000119.4014.34< 0.000120.7715.14< 0.0001
 Hypertension (%)84.5974.11< 0.000174.8565.34< 0.000178.0866.30< 0.000180.2266.55< 0.0001
 Chronic kidney disease (%)15.3310.59< 0.000118.9910.86< 0.000124.7013.46< 0.000129.9815.99< 0.0001
 Asthma (%)6.095.49< 0.00016.555.89< 0.00017.126.51< 0.00018.117.09< 0.0001
 Dementia (%)33.396.61< 0.000135.824.55< 0.000142.084.50< 0.000146.474.58< 0.0001
 Cirrhosis (%)1.431.410.51.181.110.4591.311.30.8781.431.430.998
 Depression (%)29.841793< 0.000129.917.28< 0.000133.6919.13< 0.000140.7222.05< 0.0001
 Mental health chronic patient (%)6.852.83< 0.000110.073.25< 0.000112.713.63< 0.000115.364.28< 0.0001
 Stroke (%)19.319.09< 0.000122.788.87< 0.000127.249.82< 0.000131.1610.77< 0.0001
 Ischemic heart disease (%)21.6615.37< 0.000114.8911.55< 0.000115.6511.86< 0.000116.2212.22< 0.0001
 Neoplasia (%)19.9919.650.01219.5418.40< 0.000120.1819.26< 0.000122.6621.42< 0.0001
 Chronic musculoskeletal diseases (%)58.254.47< 0.000161.6255.54< 0.000166.6860.46< 0.000174.7367.22< 0.0001
 Osteoporosis (%)19.3316.04< 0.000117.8814.43< 0.000120.5915.54< 0.000124.2416.77< 0.0001
 Osteoarthritis (%)43.6437.03< 0.000146.0436.8< 0.000150.3640.26< 0.000156.0843.5< 0.0001
 Arthritis (%)5.824.32< 0.00016.094.33< 0.00017.455.83< 0.00019.417.55< 0.0001
 Chronic pain (%)1.160.56< 0.00011.460.84< 0.00012.641.35< 0.00014.411.9< 0.0001
 Malnutrition (%)0.520.17< 0.00010.790.25< 0.00011.210.34< 0.00011.550.41< 0.0001
 Pressure ulcer (%)2.340.50< 0.00013.400.59< 0.00014.960.76< 0.00015.670.86< 0.0001
  1. COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. IOP Institutionalized Older People. non-IOP Non-Institutionalized Older People. IQR interquartile range (25th and 75th percentiles). SD Standard deviation
  2. aBoth T-test and Mann-Whitney U test