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Table 1 Demographics, physical performance tests and physical activity among older people

From: Association between walking 5000 step/day and fall incidence over six months in urban community-dwelling older people

Baseline characteristics Total (n = 255) Fallers (n = 33) Non-fallers (n = 222) p-value
Demographics
 Age (years) 68.7 ± 6.7 71.4 ± 7.4 68.3 ± 6.5 0.03*
 BMI (kg/m2) a 24.3 ± 3.9 24.7 ± 3.5 24.2 ± 4.1 0.49
 FROP-Com (scores) 7.81 ± 3.3 10.4 ± 3.9 7.4 ± 3.1 < 0.001**
 MFES (scores) 136.3 ± 3.7 134.2 ± 4.6 136.6 ± 3.5 0.69
Physical performance tests
 FTSTS (second) 13.1 ± 2.3 14.9 ± 2.3 12.8 ± 2.2 < 0.001**
 BBS (scores) 50.2 ± 3.3 48.1 ± 3.8 50.5 ± 3.2 < 0.001**
 TUG (second) a 12.3 ± 2.5 14.8 ± 2.5 12.4 ± 2.4 < 0.001**
 10mWT (meter/second) 0.7 ± 0.2 0.6 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 04 < 0.001**
 6MWT (meter) 308.6 ± 48.1 278.2 ± 45.9 313.1 ± 46.8 < 0.001**
Physical activityb
 PASE (scores) 75.3 ± 47.9 48.54 ± 36.9 79.45 ± 48.1 < 0.001**
Accelerometer
 Walking (step/day) 6694.6 ± 3386.9 4677.1 ± 2970.4 7005.7 ± 3345.9 < 0.001**
 Sleeping (minute/week.) 2193.3 ± 122.4 2232.7 ± 112.01 2187 ± 123.03 0.08
 Sedentary (minute/week.) 927.63 ± 185.05 1007.5 ± 128.5 915.32 ± 189.5 < 0.001**
 LPA (minute/week.) 86.7 ± 115.1 38.5 ± 45.4 94.1 ± 120.6 < 0.001**
 MVPA (minute/week.) 51.7 ± 80.7 20.9 ± 49.4 56.4 ± 83.6 < 0.001**
 MVPA for 10 min bouts (minute/week.) 34.9 ± 73.6 17.3 ± 52.1 37.6 ± 76.2 < 0.001**
 Energy estimated activity (kcal/week.) 242.5 ± 187.9 171.3 ± 117.1 253.5 ± 194 < 0.001**
  1. Abbreviations. FROP-Com Falls Risk for Older People in the Community (score 0–60), MFES Modified-Falls Efficacy Scale (score 0–140), PASE The Physical Activity Scale for Elderly (score 0–360), LPA Light intensity of physical activity, MVPA Moderate to vigorous intensity of physical activity, kg/m2 kilogram/meter2, kcal kilocalories
  2. aData analysis using the independent t-test
  3. bEight persons did not completed 5 days of physical activity monitoring by Actical® accelerometer (n = 247)
  4. *p < 0.05 and **p < 0.001