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Table 2 Regression results. (Table 2 is at the “Results” part)

From: The role of social engagement in the association of self-reported hearing loss and health-related quality of life

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7
PCS MCS PCS MCS ISE PCS MCS
Self-reported HL −1.92(0.24)*** −2.76(0.37)*** − 1.19(0.23)*** −2.09(0.37)*** −0.24(0.06)*** − 1.14(0.23)*** − 1.81(0.36)***
Social engagement index       0.20(0.06)*** 1.14(0.09)***
Controls
 Age    −0.04(0.02)* 0.23(0.03)*** 0.004(0.01) −0.04(0.02)* 0.23(0.03)***
 Sex (ref. = male)    −1.28(0.31)*** − 1.47(0.49)*** 0.06(0.08) − 1.29(0.31)*** − 1.54(0.48)***
 Residence (ref. = urban)    0.05(0.26) −0.26(0.40) 0.02(0.07) 0.04(0.26) −0.29(0.39)
 Marital status (ref. = with spouse)    −0.39(0.24) 0.17(0.38) 0.32(0.07)*** −0.45(0.24) −0.20(0.37)
 Education (ref. = literate)    −0.15 (0.28) −1.01(0.43)* −0.47(0.07)*** − 0.05(0.28) −0.47(0.42)
 Log of household income per capita    0.51(0.13)*** 1.73(0.21)*** 0.23(0.04)*** 0.47(0.13)*** 1.46(0.20)***
 Current employed (ref. = no)    1.14(0.27)*** 0.34(0.42) 0.39(0.07)*** 1.06(0.27)*** −0.11(0.42)
Smoking history (ref. = never)
 Past    −0.30(0.39) 0.03(0.61) −0.08(0.11) −0.28(0.39) 0.13(0.60)
 Current    −0.12(0.32) 0.30(0.50) −0.14(0.09) −0.09(0.32) 0.46(0.49)
Drinking history (ref. = never)
 Past    0.37(0.38) 1.16(0.59)* 0.11(0.10) 0.35(0.38) 1.034(0.58)
 Current    0.41(0.30) 1.92(0.48)*** 0.38(0.08)*** 0.34(0.30) 1.49(0.47)***
Number of chronic diseases    −1.89(0.11)*** −2.09(0.17)*** −0.16(0.03)*** −1.86(0.11)*** −1.91(0.17)***
Constant 42.83(0.15) *** 42.16(0.23)*** 45.26(1.78)*** 15.22(2.79)*** 1.75(0.48)*** 44.91(1.78)*** 13.22(2.74)***
R2 0.0157 0.0134 0.1146 0.1052 0.0661 0.1171 0.1399
  1. *p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001
  2. Bootstrap for PCS: indirect effectβ = −0.049(0.019) **,95% CI = [− 0.086,-0.012];direct effectβ = −1.136(0.223) ***, 95%CI = [− 1.574,-0.699]; total effectβ = − 1.185(0.028), 95%CI = [− 1.645,-0.644]
  3. Bootstrap for MCS: indirect effectβ = − 0.277(0.076)***,95% CI = [− 0.427,-0.128]; direct effectβ = − 1.811(0.028) ***,95%CI = [− 2.624,-0.998]; total effectβ = − 2.088(0.392),95%CI = [− 2.756,-1.271]
  4. Bootstrap 95%CI P < 0.05