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Table 1 Sample characteristics by self-reported hearing loss, N (%) or Mean (S.D.) +(Table 1 is at the “Results” part)

From: The role of social engagement in the association of self-reported hearing loss and health-related quality of life

Characteristic Total Sample
(n = 4003)
With HL
(n = 1524)
Without HL
(n = 2479)
p-value
Health-related quality of life
 Physical component summary (PCS) 42.10(7.37) 40.91(0.18) 42.83(0.15) < 0.001a
 Mental component summary (MCS) 41.11(11.47) 39.41(0.28) 42.16(0.23) < 0.001a
Hearing loss    
 With hearing loss 1524(38.07)  
 Without hearing loss 2479(61.93)  
Social engagement scores 3.94(1.95) 3.69(0.05) 4.10(0.04) < 0.001a
Age+ 69.26(6.56) 70.42(0.18) 68.54(0.12) < 0.001a
Sex     0.844b
Male 2230(55.71) 846(55.51) 1384(55.83)  
 Female 1773(44.29) 678(44.49) 1095(44.17)
Marital status     < 0.001b
With spouse 1533(38.39) 647(42.59) 886(35.81)  
 Without spouse 2460(61.61) 872(57.41) 1588(64.19)
Residence     0.005b
 Urban 2508(62.65) 913(59.91) 1595(64.34)  
 Rural 1495(37.35) 611(40.09) 884(35.66)
Education     < 0.001b
 Illiterate 960(23.98) 441(28.94) 519(20.94)  
 Literate 3043(76.02) 1083(71.06) 1960(79.06)
Household income per capita+ 9600.45(10,141.16) 7939.31(226.11) 10,624.40(216.84) < 0.001a
Current employment status     0.039b
 Yes 1061(26.51) 376 (24.67) 685(27.63)  
 No 2942(73.49) 1148(75.33) 1794(72.37)
Smoking history     0.706b
Never 2305(57.58) 884(58.01) 1421(57.32)  
Past 571 (14.26) 222(14.57) 349(14.08)
Current 1127(28.15) 418(27.43) 709(28.60)
Drinking history     0.073b
Never 2449(61.18) 941(61.75) 1508(60.83)  
Past 551(13.76) 227(14.90) 324(13.07)
Current 1003(25.06) 356(23.36) 647(26.10)
Number of chronic disease     < 0.001b
 0 420(10.49) 120(7.87) 300(12.10)  
 1 824(20.58) 246(16.14) 578(23.32)
 2 900(22.48) 340(22.31) 560(22.59)
≥3 1859(46.44) 818(44.00) 1041(56.00)
  1. a Student’s test. bχ2 test