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Table 2 | Multivariable logistic regression of risk factors by physical activity category for hospital admissions and length of hospital stay categories over 10 years (1999 to 2009) and 20 years (1999 to 2019) in 25,014 men and women and 10 years (2009–2019) using the TP2 baseline in 9722 men and women

From: Usual physical activity and subsequent hospital usage over 20 years in a general population: the EPIC-Norfolk cohort

 Inactive
n = 7559
Moderately inactive
n = 7187
Moderately active
n = 5688
Active
n = 4580
p (trend)
10-year follow-up
Outcome of any hospital admissions (18,179/25014)
  n (%)5878 (78%)5103 (71%)3980 (70%)3218 (70%) 
  Model 1a1.000.87 (0.80–0.94)0.90 (0.83–0.97)0.96 (0.88–1.05)0.373
  Model 2b1.000.91 (0.84–0.98)0.91 (0.84–0.99)0.95 (0.87–1.04)0.286
Outcome of seven or more hospital admissions (3462/25014)
  n (%)1392 (18%)891 (12%)689 (12%)490 (11%) 
  Model 1a1.000.76 (0.69–0.83)0.79 (0.71–0.87)0.71 (0.63–0.79)<  0.001
  Model 2b1.000.80 (0.72–0.88)0.82 (0.73–0.91)0.73 (0.65–0.82)<  0.001
Outcome of more than 20 hospital days (4976/25014)
  n (%)2122 (28%)1299 (18%)893 (16%)662 (14%) 
  Model 1a1.000.75 (0.69–0.81)0.72 (0.66–0.79)0.71 (0.64–0.79)<  0.001
  Model 2b1.000.80 (0.74–0.87)0.77 (0.70–0.84)0.75 (0.67–0.83)<  0.001
20-year follow-up
Outcome of any hospital admissions (22,497/25014)
  n (%)6915 (91%)6453 (90%)5072 (89%)4057 (89%) 
  Model 1a1.001.06 (0.94–1.19)1.07 (0.95–1.21)1.08 (0.95–1.22)0.238
  Model 2b1.001.11 (0.98–1.24)1.10 (0.97–1.25)1.08 (0.95–1.23)0.274
Outcome of seven or more hospital admissions (8849/25014)
  n (%)2969 (39%)2490 (35%)1879 (33%)1511 (33%) 
  Model 1a1.000.94 (0.88–1.01)0.92 (0.85–0.99)0.94 (0.87–1.02)0.055
  Model 2b1.000.98 (0.91–1.05)0.94 (0.87–1.01)0.96 (0.89–1.05)0.194
Outcome of 12 or more hospital admissions (3989/25014)
  n (%)1354 (18%)1088 (15%)894 (16%)653 (14%) 
  Model 1a1.000.90 (0.82–0.98)0.95 (0.87–1.05)0.85 (0.76–0.94)0.010
  Model 2b1.000.95 (0.87–1.04)0.98 (0.89–1.08)0.87 (0.78–0.97)0.040
Outcome of more than 20 hospital days (10,174/25014)
  n (%)3800 (50%)2836 (39%)1996 (35%)1542 (34%) 
  Model 1a1.000.87 (0.81–0.93)0.82 (0.76–0.88)0.84 (0.77–0.91)<  0.001
  Model 2b1.000.93 (0.86–1.00)0.86 (0.79–0.93)0.88 (0.81–0.96)<  0.001
Outcome of more than 50 hospital days (5178/25014)
  n (%)2065 (27%)1411 (20%)994 (17%)708 (15%) 
  Model 1a1.000.85 (0.79–0.93)0.86 (0.78–0.94)0.81 (0.73–0.89)<  0.001
  Model 2b1.000.91 (0.84–0.99)0.91 (0.83–1.00)0.84 (0.76–0.94)0.001
10-year follow-up from TP2 baseline
 Inactive
n = 3937
Moderately inactive
n = 2686
Moderately active
n = 1655
Active
n = 1444
p (trend)
Outcome of any hospital admissions (7855/9722)
  n (%)3332 (85%)2127 (79%)1267 (77%)1129 (78%) 
  Model 1†1.000.93 (0.81–1.06)0.85 (0.73–0.99)1.00 (0.85–1.17)0.484
  Model 2‡1.000.97 (0.85–1.11)0.90 (0.77–1.05)1.04 (0.88–1.22)0.922
Outcome of seven or more hospital admissions (1802/9722)
  n (%)874 (22%)466 (17%)259 (16%)203 (14%) 
  Model 1a1.000.89 (0.78–1.01)0.81 (0.69–0.94)0.73 (0.62–0.87)<  0.001
  Model 2b1.000.93 (0.82–1.06)0.84 (0.72–0.99)0.77 (0.64–0.91)0.001
Outcome of more than 20 hospital days (2170/9722)
  n (%)1217 (31%)489 (18%)273 (16%)191 (13%) 
  Model 1a1.000.69 (0.61–0.78)0.69 (0.59–0.80)0.57 (0.48–0.68)<  0.001
  Model 2b1.000.72 (0.64–0.82)0.71 (0.61–0.83)0.60 (0.50–0.72)<  0.001
  1. a Adjusted for age, sex, manual social class, lower education level, current cigarette smoker, body mass index > 30 kg/m2.