Skip to main content

Table 4 Individuals with metabolic syndrome (Mets) compared with apparently healthy individuals

From: Non-exercise based estimation of cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of Korean adults

ParametersIndividuals with Mets (N = 5977)Individuals without Mets (N = 17,308)
Women, n (%)a3143 (52.6)10,257 (59.3)
Age (years)a56.6 ± 14.046.4 ± 15.8
Body mass index (kg/m2)a26.1 ± 3.222.8 ± 3.0
Waist circumference (cm)a89.6 ± 8.178.4 ± 8.8
Skeletal muscle index (%)a28.9 ± 4.230.4 ± 4.5
Physical activity (METs-minutes/week)2716.3 ± 4354.52804.2 ± 4394.4
Resting heart rate (beats/min)a71.6 ± 9.570.6 ± 9.3
eCRF (ml/kg/min)a29.6 ± 9.534.8 ± 8.9
Systolic BP (mmHg)a131.1 ± 16.6114.6 ± 15.6
Diastolic BP (mmHg)a82.6 ± 10.674.5 ± 10.0
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)a199.1 ± 38.9185.0 ± 34.6
HDL-C (mg/dL)a41.2 ± 8.751.2 ± 11.3
Triglycerides (mg/dL)a217.2 ± 150.0105.9 ± 74.2
Glucose (mg/dL)a112.3 ± 31.392.9 ± 17.3
Insulin (μU/mL)a12.5 ± 8.49.1 ± 4.2
HbA1c (%)a6.8 ± 1.45.8 ± 1.0
HOMA-IRa3.5 ± 3.32.1 ± 1.2
Vitamin D (ng/mL)a18.8 ± 6.718.1 ± 6.7
Caloric intake (kcal/day)a1877.9 ± 844.41917.2 ± 823.2
Protein (g/day)a64.7 ± 36.968.8 ± 37.9
Fat (g/day)a32.1 ± 28.538.2 ± 30.4
Carbohydrate (g/day)314.6 ± 120.9312.8 ± 123.4
Current/past smokers, n (%)a2639 (44.2)6466 (37.4)
Heavy drinking, n (%)a921 (15.5)2087 (12.1)
  1. Individuals with three or more of metabolic syndrome risk factors (i.e.., central obesity, hypertension, hyperglyceridemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and low HDL-C) were coded for analyses as having the metabolic syndrome (Mets)
  2. BP blood pressure, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, eCRF non-exercise-based estimation of cardiorespiratory fitness, HOMA homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance
  3. aSignificant difference between individuals with and without metabolic syndrome (p < 0.001)
\