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Table 2 Details on older adults study participants

From: Identifying and understanding the health and social care needs of Indigenous older adults with multiple chronic conditions and their caregivers: a scoping review

First Author and Year PublishedPercentage of FemaleDiseasesNumber of DiseasesEthnicitySocio-economic Status (SES)Living Situation/
Marital Status
Aspin et al. (2012) [2]NRDiabetes mellitus
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Heart Failure
NRAboriginal (Australia) and Torres Strait IslanderNRNRNR
Bell et al. (2015) [26]NRNRNRAboriginalNRNRNR
Browne et al. (2014) [27]65%NRNRNative Hawai’ianNRNR15 (63%) graduated from high school or earned a GED, and eight (37%) had some collegeElders voiced an appreciation for receiving help with household chores, shopping and appointments/visits to doctor.
Few are reported as needing help bathing, dressing, eating, or getting in and out of bed.
Davis (2010) [3]53%Diabetes mellitus
Rheumatic arthritis
Heart disease [hypertension, heart attack and/or stroke]
minimum: two chronic conditions with varying acuity levelsNative Hawai’ianNRwidowed: 7 married: 81 no formal education, 80% high school diploma, 2 with some graduate
Habjan et al. (2012) [9]54%NRNRNot explicitly reported, but research was conducted in First Nations area (Treaty #3)NRNRNR
Lowell et al. (2012) [28]76%Diabetes mellitus
Chronic kidney disease
Cardiovascular disease
Chronic airways disease
Mental illness
One or moreYolngu- Aboriginal people of AustraliaNRNRNot reported.
It is noted that while Yolngu are fluent in, what is often, a range of Aboriginal languages. Competency in oral English has been reported to range from high-to-minimal.
It is common for Yolngu not to speak English as their first language
Schure et al. (2015) [6]77.9%Diabetes mellitus
Heart disease
Congestive heart failure
Heart attack
Lung disease
Parkinson’s disease
High blood pressure
Kidney disease
Liver disease
NRAmerican IndiansNRsingle: 192 married: 104≥ Grade 12: 141; and < Grade 12: 144NR
Ward et al. (2011) [8]NRDiabetes Mellitus Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic heart failureNRIndigenousNRNRNRNR
Waugh et al. (2011) [1]66%Diabetes mellitus
Rheumatic arthritis
Cardiovascular disease
Kidney disease
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
NRIndigenous AustraliansNRNRNRNR
  1. N.R. Not reported