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Table 1 The general characteristics and clinical data of study participants with and without sarcopenia

From: A cross-sectional study of the relationships between different components of sarcopenia and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity in community-dwelling elderly

Variable Sarcopenia
n = 89
Non-Sarcopenia n = 361 x2/t p
Sex (male/female) 50/39 216/145 0.394 0.530
Age (years) 72.48 ± 4.65 71.05 ± 4.15 2.854 0.005
BMI (kg/m2) 24.01 ± 1.92 25.20 ± 2.31 −5.030 0.000
VFA (cm2) 98.03 ± 13.11 90.71 ± 16.87 4.438 0.000
Hypertension (%) 28 (31.46) 105 (29.09) 0.193 0.660
Diabetes (%) 14 (15.73) 49 (13.57) 0.276 0.599
Cardiac disease(%) 30 (33.71) 101 (27.98) 1.136 0.287
Smoking (%) 15 (16.85) 49 (13.57) 0.630 0.427
Sports (%) 10 (11.24) 75 (20.78) 4.241 0.039
MNA-SF (%) 36 (39.02) 87 (24.10) 9.609 0.002
TG (mmol/L) 1.31 ± 0.45 1.51 ± 0.58 −2.981 0.003
LDL-C(mmol/L) 3.12 ± 0.61 3.08 ± 0.62 0.646 0.519
HbA1C(%) 5.37 ± 0.93 5.28 ± 1.12 0.781 0.436
Hb(g/L) 125.73 ± 11.97 124.98 ± 15.44 0.426 0.670
ALB(g/L) 41.16 ± 4.49 44.19 ± 4.43 −5.769 0.000
Cr(umol/L) 66.12 ± 14.15 72.37 ± 11.15 −4.477 0.000
baPWV (cm/s) 1792.39 ± 128.27 1647.57 ± 121.04 9.989 0.000
HS (kg) 23.99 ± 5.60 25.48 ± 5.72 −2.216 0.027
GS(m/s) 0.86 ± 0.26 1.20 ± 0.58 −5.433 0.000
ASMI (kg/m2) 6.59 ± 0.73 7.64 ± 0.76 − 11.738 0.000
  1. BMI body mass index, ALB serum albumin, TG triacylglycerol, Cr creatinine, VFA visceral fat tissue, MNA-SF mini-nutritional assessment short-form, BIA Bioelectrical impedance analysis, ASMI appendicular skeletal muscle index, Hb hemoglobin, HbA1C hemoglobin A1C, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, baPWV brachial ankle pulse wave velocity, HS Handgrip strength, GS usual gait speed