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Table 5 Frailty status and recovery from IADL disability among persons who were not disabled in ADL

From: Association of Frailty with recovery from disability among community-dwelling Chinese older adults: China health and retirement longitudinal study

N = 336Recovered No. (%)Odds ratio (95% CI)
Minimally Adjusted aFully Adjusted b
Frailty
 Non-frail90 (67.2)Ref.Ref.
 Prefrail98 (53.9)0.60 (0.36, 0.96)0.66 (0.40, 1.09)
 Frail8 (40.0)0.45 (0.16, 1.23)0.52 (0.17, 1.59)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval
  2. Notes: Participants who died in the following visit after the onset of incident disability were included and considered not to recover. Participants who were alive but not interviewed in the following visit after the onset of incident disability were excluded
  3. a Age, sex, and severity of IADL disability (1 vs. 2+ difficulties)
  4. b Age, sex, severity of IADL disability (1 vs. 2+ difficulties), education, marital status, BMI, smoking status, depression, cognition measured by mini-mental status examination, and number of chronic conditions
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