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Table 1 Systematic review characteristics

From: Hospital falls prevention with patient education: a scoping review

Lead author (Year)AimStudies reviewed (n)Hospital RCTs (n)Inpatient education single intervention RCTs (n)Inpatient multifactorial interventions with patient education RCTs (n)Method of assessing qualityQuality of evidenceConclusion
Avanecean (2017) [47]Assess effectiveness of patient-centered falls prevention in acute care5503JBI-SUMARI critical appraisal toolMultifactorial: HighMultifactorial: May reduce falls rate
Meta-analysis not performed
Cameron (2018) [14]Evaluate effectiveness of falls prevention for older adults in hospitals and care facilities952426GRADEPatient education alone: Very low
Multifactorial: Low
Patient education: Unable to conclude effectiveness
No pooled rate ratio
Multifactorial: May reduce falls rate
RR: 0.80 (0.64–1.01)
Hempel (2013) [48]Review characteristics and effectiveness of falls prevention in acute care59401Egger regression and Begg rank restNo evidence of publication biasMultifactorial: Unable to conclude effectiveness
RaR: 0.77 (0.52–1.12)
Lee (2014) [37]Evaluate the effectiveness of patient falls education in hospitals and post discharge261658Law toolPatient education alone: Moderate Multifactorial: ModeratePatient education alone or in multifactorial: Significant reduction in falls rate
RR: 0.77 (0.69–0.87)
Miake-Lye (2013) [49]Evaluate effectiveness of multifactorial falls prevention programs in hospital and factors related to successful implementation2121012Downs and Black Quality ScoreMultifactorial: ModerateMultifactorial: May reduce falls rate
Meta-analysis not performed
  1. Footnote: Mutifactorial refers to two or more of the following: patient education, falls risk assessments, environmental modifications, devices, personal supervision, multidisciplinary reviews, medication reviews, falls risk communication aids, allied health and nursing input, rounding, staff training
  2. RCT Randomised controlled trial, JBI-SUMARI Joanna Briggs Institute System for the Unified Management, Assessment and Review of Information, GRADE Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation, RR Risk ratio, RaR Rate ratio