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Table 1 Characteristics and comparing in male and female

From: Association between motoric cognitive risk syndrome and frailty among older Chinese adults

 Total
(n = 429)
Males
(n = 257)
Females (n = 172)P-value
Age, years (mean ± SD)76.7 ± 7.777.4 ± 8.075.7 ± 7.20.027
High school and above, n (%)283 (66.0)179 (69.6)104 (60.5)0.049
Married, n (%)340 (79.3)221 (86.0)119 (69.2)< 0.001
Current or former smoker, n (%)100 (23.3)100 (38.9)0 (0)< 0.001
Current or former drinker, n (%)99 (23.1)93 (36.2)6 (3.5)< 0.001
BMI (mean ± SD, kg/m2)23.7 ± 3.223.8 ± 3.023.5 ± 3.50.312
History of diabetes, n (%)101 (23.5)64 (24.9)37 (21.5)0.417
History of cerebrovascular diseases, n (%)129 (30.1)78 (30.4)51 (29.7)0.877
History of hypertension, n (%)325 (75.8)199 (77.4)126 (73.3)0.323
History of coronary artery disease, n (%)141 (32.9)85 (33.1)56 (32.6)0.911
Comorbidities (≥ 5 diseases), n (%)259 (60.4)157 (61.1)102 (59.3)0.711
Polypharmacy (≥ 5 drugs), n (%)198 (46.2)118 (45.9)80 (46.5)0.903
Fall history in the past year, n (%)69 (16.1)41 (16.0)28 (16.3)0.928
Grip strength, (mean ± SD, kg)30.6 ± 9.435.5 ± 8.123.3 ± 5.5< 0.001
Four-meter usual gait speed (mean ± SD, m/s)1.0 ± 0.31.0 ± 0.31.0 ± 0.30.622
Depressive symptoms from GDS-15 (mean ± SD, scores)2.2 ± 2.41.8 ± 2.12.9 ± 2.8< 0.001
MMSE (mean ± SD, scores)27.4 ± 1.927.3 ± 1.927.5 ± 1.80.145
Frailty for CFS ≥ 5, n (%)64 (14.9)38 (14.8)26 (15.1)0.925
  1. Abbreviations:BMI body mass index, GDS-15 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, CFS Clinical Frailty Scale. The P-value is for comparing sex differences
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