Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Odds ratios from binary logistic regression models for each fall-related outcome in older adults residing in public housing

From: Risk of falls and fear of falling in older adults residing in public housing in Ontario, Canada: findings from a multisite observational study

VariableEver sought medical attention for a fallHad fall in the past yearHas fear of fallingAt risk of fallsa
Yes (n = 116) vs No (n = 441)Yes (n = 196) vs No (n = 361)Yes (n = 223) vs No (n = 334)Yes (n = 61) vs No (n = 170)
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Gender
 FemaleREFREFREFREF
 Male0.50 (0.25–0.98)0.99 (0.58–1.69)0.42 (0.24–0.76)1.80 (0.45–4.45)
Age
 55–64REFREFREFREF
 65–740.81 (0.43–1.53)0.76 (0.45–1.30)0.94 (0.54–1.63)0.45 (0.13–1.55)
 75–840.83 (0.42–1.63)0.84 (0.47–1.49)1.18 (0.65–2.15)1.58 (0.44–5.70)
 85+0.89 (0.35–2.24)0.84 (0.37–1.87)2.76 (1.19–6.40)4.07 (0.77–21.50)
Ethnicity
 WhiteREFREFREFREF
 Other0.53 (0.22–1.29)0.54 (0.27–1.07)0.87 (0.44–1.71)3.26 (0.60–17.61)
Education level
 Some high schoolREFREFREFREF
 High school diploma1.14 (0.63–2.07)0.73 (0.44–1.23)0.95 (0.57–1.61)0.67 (0.22–2.04)
 Any post-secondary1.23 (0.72–2.08)0.75 (0.48–1.19)0.91 (0.57–1.45)0.46 (0.15–1.37)
Does not live alone1.31 (0.53–3.24)1.90 (0.90–4.02)0.77 (0.37–1.59)1.04 (0.21–5.06)
Number of medications
 0REFREFREFREF
 1–41.18 (0.55–2.53)0.69 (0.37–1.27)0.67 (0.35–1.29)0.23 (0.03–1.70)
 5–90.93 (0.46–1.91)0.57 (0.32–1.02)1.51 (0.82–2.78)1.05 (0.20–5.36)
 10+1.08 (0.48–2.41)1.00 (0.52–1.95)1.70 (0.84–3.41)1.62 (0.30–8.80)
Physically active daily1.06 (0.67–1.67)1.17 (0.79–1.73)0.89 (0.60–1.33)2.09 (0.88–4.96)
Fruits and vegetables daily0.66 (0.41–1.07)0.55 (0.37–0.83)0.80 (0.52–1.22)0.85 (0.34–2.10)
Salt intake
 NeverREFREFREFREF
 Rarely0.98 (0.54–1.77)1.07 (0.65–1.76)0.79 (0.47–1.32)0.39 (0.12–1.22)
 Sometimes1.23 (0.66–2.30)0.87 (0.50–1.52)0.80 (0.45–1.43)2.12 (0.66–6.81)
 Often0.96 (0.40–2.30)1.37 (0.68–2.79)1.05 (0.50–2.20)0.29 (0.05–1.86)
 Always0.85 (0.42–1.76)0.75 (0.41–1.38)1.16 (0.63–2.13)0.47 (0.13–1.70)
Body Mass Index
 NormalREFREFREFREF
 Underweight0.93 (0.25–3.45)0.93 (0.30–2.95)2.90 (0.85–9.91)1.28 (0.08–20.76)
 Overweight0.70 (0.37–1.33)0.95 (0.56–1.62)1.15 (0.66–2.01)0.94 (0.27–3.26)
 Obese0.63 (0.34–1.18)0.64 (0.38–1.09)1.31 (0.75–2.28)2.38 (0.74–7.67)
Self-reported health
 PoorREFREFREFREF
 Fair0.38 (0.18–0.81)0.72 (0.36–1.44)0.65 (0.32–1.34)0.54 (0.15–2.00)
 Good0.43 (0.20–0.89)0.67 (0.34–1.32)0.48 (0.24–0.99)0.50 (0.13–2.03)
 Very good/excellent0.34 (0.14–0.80)0.44 (0.21–0.97)0.42 (0.19–0.93)0.43 (0.09–2.13)
Has heart disease1.51 (0.88–2.58)1.16 (0.72–1.86)0.61 (0.37–1.01)1.45 (0.54–3.89)
Has hypertension1.06 (0.64–1.76)0.90 (0.59–1.39)0.89 (0.57–1.38)1.38 (0.53–3.56)
Has high cholesterol1.21 (0.75–1.95)1.30 (0.86–1.96)1.43 (0.94–2.17)0.44 (0.17–1.13)
Has diabetes1.24 (0.72–2.13)1.34 (0.84–2.13)0.75 (0.46–1.23)1.30 (0.50–3.35)
Has stroke history0.64 (0.28–1.45)0.88 (0.45–1.70)1.25 (0.63–2.48)1.78 (0.44–7.26)
Has mobility issues2.78 (1.58–4.87)1.75 (1.11–2.75)1.66 (1.05–2.62)3.68 (1.12–12.60)
Has self-care issues1.50 (0.83–2.73)1.39 (0.82–2.37)1.36 (0.78–2.35)1.81 (0.63–5.19)
Has usual care issues0.87 (0.50–1.52)0.85 (0.53–1.38)1.02 (0.62–1.65)1.39 (0.51–3.84)
Has pain/discomfort issues0.89 (0.52–1.53)1.14 (0.73–1.80)1.23 (0.77–1.95)4.56 (1.31–15.92)
Has anxiety/depression issues0.88 (0.55–1.40)0.97 (0.65–1.44)1.31 (0.88–1.97)2.04 (0.81–5.15)
Currently smokes0.73 (0.41–1.29)0.63 (0.39–1.03)1.08 (0.66–1.76)0.54 (0.15–1.94)
Consumes any alcohol1.48 (0.83–2.62)1.40 (0.85–2.30)1.72 (1.03–2.88)1.22 (0.41–3.60)
Has a family doctor1.26 (0.56–2.82)1.18 (0.62–2.26)1.33 (0.67–2.65)2.00 (0.39–10.35)
Had fall in the past year2.33 (1.55–3.50)
  1. Notes: OR Odds ratio; CI Confidence Interval; bolded values indicate an odds ratio that is significant at p-value < 0.05; aBased on objectively measured Timed Up and Go risk score