Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Multivariable-adjusted association of socio-demographics and disease burden with incidence of frailty among robust and prefrail persons

From: Incidence of frailty among community-dwelling older adults: a nationally representative profile in China

 HR (95% CI)P-value
Prefrail vs. robust at baseline2.46 (1.86, 3.24)<.001
Age (years)
 60–64Ref. 
 65–691.39 (1.01, 1.90).040
 70–741.41 (1.02, 1.95).038
 75–791.88 (1.35, 2.63)<.001
 80–843.11 (2.11, 4.59)<.001
 85+3.55 (2.03, 6.22)<.001
Female vs. male1.03 (0.77, 1.37).849
Education
 No formal education or illiterateRef. 
 Did not finish elementary school a0.76 (0.58, 0.99).048
 Elementary school b0.72 (0.51, 1.01).059
 Middle school0.42 (0.25, 0.71).001
 High school or above c0.23 (0.12, 0.44)<.001
Annual household income
  < 2160 YuanRef. 
 2160–10,640 Yuan0.74 (0.56, 0.98).038
 10,640–31,500 Yuan0.65 (0.49, 0.87).003
  > 31,500 Yuan0.81 (0.59, 1.12).204
Marital status
 MarriedRef. 
 Widowed1.39 (1.07, 1.81).014
 Others d1.20 (0.51, 2.78).678
Rural vs. urban residence  
Number of chronic conditions
 0Ref. 
 11.09 (0.79, 1.50).601
 21.14 (0.82, 1.58).426
 3+1.78 (1.28, 2.47).001
  1. Abbreviations: HR hazard ratio; CI confidence interval
  2. a But capable of reading or writing
  3. b Including traditional Chinese school (i.e., Sishu)
  4. c Including graduate from high school, vocational school, college, or post-graduate
  5. d Including separated, divorced, and never married