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Table 3 Logistic Regression Results of Fall Risk Factors on Falls: R Aged 65 and Over, China

From: Falls and risk factors of falls for urban and rural community-dwelling older adults in China

VariableUrbanRural
BS.E.OR (95% C.I.)BS.E.OR (95% C.I.)
1) Personal Characteristics
 Sex (ref. = female)−0.29**0.090.75 (0.63, 0.90)−0.110.100.89 (0.74, 1.08)
 Age0.02*0.011.02 (1.01, 1.03)0.000.011.00 (0.99, 1.02)
 If illiterate (ref. = no)−0.070.100.93 (0.77, 1.13)0.020.081.02 (0.87, 1.20)
 Natural log of household income per capita−0.14***0.040.87 (0.81, 0.93)−0.040.030.96 (0.90, 1.02)
 Living alone (ref. = no)0.050.091.05 (0.88, 1.26)0.120.091.13 (0.94, 1.36)
2) Health Status
 Vision−0.08*0.040.92 (0.83, 0.97)−0.24***0.050.78 (0.71, 0.86)
 Hypertension(ref. = no)0.13*0.071.14 (1.02, 1.32)0.09*0.081.09 (1.03, 1.23)
 Heart Disease(ref. = no)0.24**0.081.27 (1.09, 1.47)0.23*0.091.26 (1.05, 1.51)
 Arthritis(ref. = no)0.29***0.081.33 (1.15, 1.55)0.14*0.081.15 (1.08, 1.34)
 Cervical and lumbar spondylosis(ref. = no)0.27**0.081.31 (1.11, 1.54)0.22*0.101.23 (1.01, 1.48)
 Cerebrovascular disease(ref. = no)0.36***0.091.43 (1.20, 1.70)0.46***0.111.59 (1.28, 1.98)
 Self-rated health−0.30***0.050.74 (0.67, 0.82)−0.35***0.050.71 (0.64, 0.78)
 Cognitive function damage0.16***0.021.17 (1.12, 1.23)0.14***0.021.15 (1.11, 1.21)
 ADL disability0.06***0.021.07 (1.03, 1.10)0.11***0.021.17 (1.08, 1.15)
 Depression(ref. = no)0.19*0.091.21 (1.01, 1.44)0.16*0.011.17 (1.05, 1.37)
3) Environmental Factors
 Whether tap water is available(ref. = no)−0.310.300.73 (0.41, 1.31)− 0.23**0.080.80 (0.69, 0.93)
Apartment type (ref. = one-story)
 High rise building with elevator or on 1st floor0.130.121.14 (0.91, 1.43)−0.020.120.98 (0.78, 1.23)
 High rise building without elevator0.15*0.101.17 (1.07, 1.42)0.33**0.101.40 (1.15, 1.69)
 If satisfied with living condition (ref. = no)−0.31***0.090.73 (0.61, 0.88)−0.24*0.100.78 (0.65, 0.95)
4) Physical Exercise
 Taichi (ref. = no)0.100.161.11 (0.82, 1.50)−0.120.640.89 (0.25, 3.08)
 Muscle-toning exercises0.080.131.09 (0.85, 1.39)−0.070.380.93 (0.43, 2.03)
 Taking a walk−0.19*0.080.82 (0.70, 0.97)0.130.081.14 (0.98, 1.32)
5) Life Styles
 Whether smoked (ref. = no)0.110.101.12 (0.93, 1.35)0.050.101.06 (0.87, 1.29)
 Whether drank (ref. = no)0.12*0.091.13 (1.04, 1.36)−0.020.090.98 (0.82, 1.18)
 cons−0.630.670.53 (0.14, 1.98)−0.690.570.50 (0.16, 1.54)
 N71336105
 Chi - square536.30567.11
 Log likelihood- 2778.17- 2536.03
 Nagelkerke R Square0.080.10
  1. Note:* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001. Source: 2010 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Survey on Urban and Rural Elderly