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Table 2 Falls by Residence, Sex and Age Group: R Aged 65 and over, China

From: Falls and risk factors of falls for urban and rural community-dwelling older adults in China

VariableUrban(%)Rural(%) 
Sub-TotalSexAge GroupSub-TotalSexAge Group
MaleFemaleP-value 65–7475–84> = 85MaleFemaleP-value 65–7475–84> = 85P-value
1) Number of falls in past 12 months   <.001      <.001   <.001
 None85.087.382.9 87.582.479.283.084.980.6 85.581.075.4 
 Once7.56.68.5 7.18.08.76.45.67.4 6.26.67.3 
 More than once7.46.13|8.7 5.49.612.110.69.512.0 8.312.417.3 
2) Location of falls
Outdoor
  On the road35.037.533.1.1036.936.419.530.834.926.9<.00133.031.419.9<.05
  Park4.25.33.3.084.84.11.60.50.30.6.440.70.20.7<.001
  Stairs14.914.115.6.4617.913.38.66.96.47.3.516.97.16.0<.001
  Yard/community13.413.713.2.7811.714.516.445.942.149.6<.0143.349.243.7<.001
  Shopping center3.82.64.7<.053.84.40.81.11.30.9.541.70.50.7<.001
Indoor
  Bathroom13.914.413.6.6515.615.920.36.97.26.6.676.17.48.0<.001
  Bedroom23.121.224.5.1715.726.244.521.521.321.6.9816.222.439.1.32
  Kitchen5.94.66.8.095.65.77.89.28.49.9.379.18.312.6<.001
  Living room13.313.513.2.8510.413.825.08.27.68.7.497.68.110.6<.001
  Public washroom2.92.72.9<.0013.02.73.13.33.03.6.533.22.76.0.52
  Doorsill7.64.410.0<.0016.09.09.413.411.814.9.1012.114.613.9<.001
Other7.811.05.5.088.47.65.59.511.57.5<.0112.57.45.3.13
3) Circumstance of falls
 Taking a walk71.070.371.5.6272.968.274.679.178.579.6.6380.079.274.5<.001
 Getting up and sitting down16.017.015.3.4211.517.431.012.313.011.7.469.113.919.3<.01
 Exercising6.07.35.0.095.36.66.45.67.93.5<.0015.56.04.8.69
 Bathing4.13.34.8.193.85.01.62.62.32.9.481.23.35.5<.05
 Toileting13.413.313.5.949.716.915.112.715.310.3<.0111.512.120.0.59
 Picking up items4.84.94.8.883.85.56.47.06.67.4.567.27.25.5<.05
 Housekeeping8.77.39.6.149.39.04.010.17.512.4<.00111.39.66.9.22
 Taking on + off clothes2.92.92.9.992.33.81.62.72.92.4.602.22.54.8.69
 Other7.78.77.0.117.28.38.07.17.24.8.207.74.06.9<.001
4) Consequence of most recent fall   <.05      .66   <.05
 No injuries26.930.624.2 28.427.417.128.830.227.4 27.130.827.6 
 Minor injuries40.839.541.7 40.540.742.641.241.541.0 41.542.037.2 
 Clinic visit15.912.918.2 16.315.416.316.115.017.1 18.042.014.7 
 Hospitalization12.313.611.4 12.911.015.59.49.49.3 10.88.09.0 
 Long-term treatment3.02.33.5 1.14.07.84.03.44.6 2.04.211.5 
 Other1.11.11.1| 0.71.50.80.50.40.6 0.50.70.0 
  1. Source: 2010 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Survey on Urban and Rural Elderly
  2. Note: (1) p-value represent significance levels when conducting Chi-square or T-tests to check gender differences among urban sample; (2) p-value represent significance levels when conducting Chi-square or T-tests to check gender differences among rural sample; (3) p-value represent significance levels when conducting Chi-square or T-tests to check gender differences between rural and urban sample. (4) Since multiple falls may have occurred to some respondents, the sum of percentages under “location of falls” / “circumstance of falls” exceeds 100%