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Table 3 Association of dysphagia and postoperative pneumonia with poor prognosis in hip fracture patients ≥65 years of age

From: The prevalence, risk factors and prognostic implications of dysphagia in elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery in Korea

VariablesAnalytic modelOdds ratio95% CIP
Dysphagia
 Postoperative pneumoniaModel 14.521.64–12.480.004
Model 23.191.10–9.210.032
Model 33.121.05–9.270.041
 ICU admissionModel 12.341.02–5.360.045
Model 21.480.61–3.590.392
Model 31.550.62–3.880.352
 DeathaModel 12.000.79–5.030.141
Model 21.230.46–3.270.683
Model 31.200.44–3.230.724
Postoperative pneumonia
 ICU admissionModel 15.592.52–12.42< 0.001
Model 23.601.51–8.590.004
Model 34.561.85–11.280.001
 DeathaModel 13.731.60–8.700.002
Model 22.501.02–6.160.046
Model 32.561.03–6.330.042
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, ASA American Society Anesthesiologists, ICU intensive care unit
  2. Variables included in the model were based on univariate analysis
  3. Notes: a death within 6 months after surgery
  4. 1. Model 1 was adjusted for age and gender
  5. 2. Model 2 was adjusted for age, gender, BMI, ASA classification ≥3, and albumin level < 3.5 g/dL
  6. 3. Model 3 was adjusted for age, gender, BMI, ASA classification ≥3, albumin level < 3.5 g/dL, dementia, delirium, and method of anaesthesia