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Table 2 The CFAI mean scores (total and per domain) according to the Fried Phenotype distribution

From: Concordances and differences between a unidimensional and multidimensional assessment of frailty: a cross-sectional study

 NNot-frail (mean ± SD)Fried PhenotypeFrail (mean ± SD)P-value
Pre-frail (mean ± SD)
CFAI19319.35 ± 10.88123.84 ± 11.61241.05 ± 14.2812p < 0.000
CFAI Physical1956.25 ± 13.113422.07 ± 30.613561.84 ± 32.2245p < 0.000
CFAI Psychological19314.96 ± 16.32616.46 ± 15.52736.95 ± 22.9267p < 0.000
CFAI Social19546.61 ± 18.7045.38 ± 18.0451.21 ± 20.48ns
CFAI Environmental1959.57 ± 13.1610.99 ± 12.2314.21 ± 14.64ns
  1. Anova test. According to the Levene’s Statistic, the variance of CFAI Physical and CFAI psychological were not equal instead the Welch test and Brown-Forsythe test used to determine the p-value. As post-hoc, the Tukey HSD test was conducted to find differences in mean between pairs (see the superscripts). Superscripts with the same number indicate a significant mean difference between two pairs of groups. The CFAI and its domains are a continuous scale (0–100). For the psychological domain, there were missing data for two participants and, for the Fried Phenotype one participant had missing data. ns = non-significant